GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

China Relaunches World’s Fastest Bullet Train With Speeds Of 217Mph.


  • China has launched the world’s fastest bullet train for the second time.
  • The trains can travel at speeds of 217 miles per hour and will service the route from China’s capital Beijing to Shanghai.
  • The 777-mile journey will take just under four hours and 30 minutes in the new bullet trains which are named Fuxing.
  • China launched trains at 217 miles per hour in August 2008 but reduced speeds to between 155 and 186 miles per hour following a two-train crash near the city of Wenzhou that left 40 people dead and 191 injured.



Highlights Of The Development–

  • The country has already laid more than 12,400 miles of high-speed rail and plans to lay another 6,214 miles by 2020.
  • The bullet trains officially relaunched on Thursday, 21st September, 2017.
  • Qi Yanhui, deputy director of China Railway’s Science and Technology Department, said the technology used for developing the train could be adapted for railway products overseas.
  • The Fuxing trains were unveiled in June, 2017 and are capable of top speeds of 400 kilometres per hour.
  • China has the world’s longest high-speed rail network of over 22,000 kilometers, about 60 per cent of the world’s total.


Sources- EveningStandard.

GS Paper II- International Relations.

Sri Lanka Navy Ships At Visakhapatnam For Maritime Exercises.


  • Sri Lankan naval ships Sayura and Sagara entered Visakhapatnam harbour on 7th September, 2017 to participate in the fifth edition of SLINEX 2017, a bilateral naval exercise between India and Sri Lanka, from 7 to 14 September, 2017.
  • The exercise is being conducted in two phases, with the harbour phase from 7 to 10 September at Visakhapatnam and the sea phase from 11 to 14 September in the Bay of Bengal.
  • Sri Lankan Naval ships Sayura and Sagara are India-built off-shore patrol vessels.

Highlights Of The Development-

  • INS Gharial, an amphibious ship and INS Kora, a missile corvette and Chetak helicopter participated from the eastern fleet. The exercise commenced with a harbour phase, during which, the participants  engaged in professional, cultural and social interactions.
  • The harbour phase was followed by the sea phase, which commencing on 11 September. The sea phase included complex operations including anti-piracy exercises, gun firings, cross-deck helicopter operations and anti-surface exercises.
  • SLINEX series of bilateral maritime exercises, initiated in 2005, has over the years helped both the navies in understanding each other’s procedures and enhanced interoperability.
  • The benefits of operational interactions under the aegis of SLINEX are clearly visible as both the Navies have an improved and steadfast understanding. SLINEX-17 will further enhance the capability of the two navies to work together at sea and contribute towards maritime security in the region.

Sources- Indiatoday.


GS Paper III- Technology, Environment.

Himachal Pradesh: Country’s First Electric Bus Service Launched.


  • Himachal Pradesh has become the first hill state in the country to ply electric buses on the most challenging route. Rohtang Pass remains one of the hill stations in Himachal Pradesh that attracts millions of visitors every year.
  • The electric bus service that is just launched in Himachal Pradesh is poised to boost tourism in the state without disturbing the ecological balance in the state. Tourists could benefit from the move to launch the electric bus service in Himachal Pradesh just before Dussehra festivities in Kullu.
  • Prior to the electric bus service in Himachal Pradesh tourists had to struggle to get permits for their vehicles to visit Rohtang Pass.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • Country’s first electric bus service commenced in Himachal Pradesh in a boost for green transport in the state. The electric bus was flagged off for Rohtang Pass, the much sought after tourist destination near Manali on the Manali-Leh Highway.
  • This has been one of the pioneering initiatives by the Himachal Pradesh government to check vehicular pollution at Rohtang Pass. The move has come in the wake of the orders by National Green Tribunal (NGT) to restrict the number of petrol and diesel operated tourist vehicles on the Manali-Rohtang Pass highway which is one of the ecologically fragile areas in the country.
  • Country’s first electric bus service in Himachal Pradesh will ply on a regular basis from Manali to Rohtang Pass on Thursdays. For the continuous service, two electricity charging points have been installed, one at Manali and the other at Marhi.
  • It was reported that two mid-size buses will ply on the Manali-Rohtang Pass highway initially. These electric buses that were recently launched in Himachal Pradesh will have a seating capacity of 27 and 32. More busses will be added on the route. As the road to Rohtang is blocked with snow during winters these electric buses will run on Manali-Kullu and Mandi routes.
  • The state-run bus service – HRTC currently has around 3,200 buses. After the launch of the electric bus service on the Manali-Rohtang Pass highway the state will get 50 more electric buses which will ply on other routes. The report mentioned that about 10 buses will ply only on the Manali-Rohtang route.

Sources- ChandigarhMetro.