GS Paper I- Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World.

‘Festival Of India’ In Brazil From Aug 31 To Sep 9, 2017.

Background-

  • In order to bring the essence of India to the doorsteps of Brazil, “Festival of India“, a carnival of Indian tradition and cuisine will be organised in Brazil, the “Land of Contrasts” from August 31 to September 9, 2017.
  • Paying tributes to Father of the nation Mahatma Gandhi, the festival will hold an exclusive exhibition on him depicting his life and struggles for India’s independence.
  • The festival will also showcase diverse Indian culture, i e classical dances, literature and cuisine that sets it apart from the rest and makes it famous all over the world.

 

Highlights Of The Development–

  • Cities of Brasilia, Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro will host the events the success of which will mark the organisation of such “festivals” in future as well.
  • In chronological order, Bharatnatyam Dance by Devayani and Group will be held from August 31 to September 4 2017; Kathak Dance by Nandini Singh and Group from September 1-5, 2017 and Indian Food Festival from September 3-9, 2017.
  • Literary festival will see light of day from September 5-9, 2017 and Exhibition on Mahatma Gandhi will last from inception of the event i.e from August 31, 2017 till its culmination on September 9, 2017.
  • Culture ministry organizes such festivals in other countries through the Indian Missions situated there. Indian missions are the nodal implementing agency abroad for such events and ministry of culture communicate with them if they want to hold such events. The ministry also provides them with a list of cultural events that could be held on the occasion.
  • In coming months, such festivals will be organized in Oman, Kazakhstan, Tanzania, Ghana, Combodia, Netherlands, Kenya and some other countries.

Sources- United News Of India.

 

GS Paper III- Technology.

Isro To Launch Back-Up Navigation Satellite On 31 August, 2017.

Background

  • The Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) on 23rd August, 2017 said it will launch its navigation satellite ‘IRNSS-1H’ on 31 August, 2017 to augment the existing seven satellites of the NavIC constellation.
  • To be launched on board PSLV-C39, IRNSS-1H will be a ‘back-up’ navigation satellite for IRNSS-1A, one of the seven satellites in the constellation, as its three rubidium atomic clocks on board had stopped functioning. PSLV-C39/IRNSS-1H Mission is scheduled to be launched on 31 August at 18:59 Hrs from SDSC SHAR (Satish Dhawan Space Centre), Sriharikota.

 

Key Points Of The Development-

  • The spacecraft weighing over 1,400 kg was built and tested by Isro along with a consortium of six small and medium industries.
  • The Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) is an independent regional navigation satellite system developed by India on par with US-based GPS.
  • The system that offers services like terrestrial and marine navigation, disaster management, vehicle tracking and fleet management, navigation aide for hikers and travellers, visual and voice navigation for drivers, was named ‘NavIC’ (Navigation with Indian Constellation) by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
  • Isro had launched seven satellites – IRNSS-1G on 28 April, 2016, IRNSS-1F (10 March, 2016), IRNSS-1E (20 January, 2016), IRNSS-1D (28 March, 2015), IRNSS-1C (16 October, 2014), IRNSS-1B (4 April, 2014) and IRNSS-1A on 1 July, 2013. According to Isro officials, the total cost of all the seven satellites was Rs 1,420 crore.

Sources- Livemint.

 

GS Paper II- Governance.

Commerce Ministry Sets Up Task Force On Artificial Intelligence.

Background

  • Commerce and Industry Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has constituted a Task Force chaired by V. Kamakoti of IIT Madras to explore possibilities to leverage Artificial Intelligence (AI) for development across various fields.
  • The ‘task force on AI for India’s Economic Transformation’ will submit concrete and implementable recommendations for government, industry and research institutions.
  • Artificial intelligence (AI), the ability of a digital computer or computer-controlled robot to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings. The term is frequently applied to the project of developing systems endowed with the intellectual processes characteristic of humans, such as the ability to reason, discover meaning, generalize, or learn from past experience.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • In addition to regular members, the panel will have official participation from NITI Aayog, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Department of Science & Technology, UIDAI and DRDO.
  • The panel comprises experts, academics, researchers and industry leaders. The Minister said with rapid development in the fields of information technology and hardware, the world is about to witness a fourth industrial revolution. She said driven by the power of big data, high computing capacity, artificial intelligence and analytics, Industry 4.0 aims to digitise the manufacturing sector.
  • The move comes in the backdrop of the government reviewing the manufacturing and industrial policies.
  • The task force members include Anuj Kapuria, High Tech RoboticSystemz Ltd., Anurag Agarwal, Institute of Genomics & Integrative Biology, CSIR; Ashish Dutta, IIT Kanpur; Ashwini Asokan, Mad Street Den, Chennai; Gautam Shroff, Vice President & Chief Scientist, TCS Innovation Labs, Tata Consultancy Services, Gurgaon; G. H. Rao, HCL Technology; G. Madhusudan, IIT Madras; G.V.N. Apparao, ex-chief technology officer, Cognizant; Komal Sharma Talwar, founder, XLPAT; Kunal Nandwani, founder & CEO, uTrade Solutions; Shantanu Chaudhary, IIT Delhi, Department of Electrical Engineering; Vijay Kumar Sankarapu, founder & CEO, Arya.in; Ajay Kumar, additional secretary, Ministry of Electronics & IT; Amandeep Gill, Ambassador/PR to CD, Geneva; K. Nagaraj Naidu, Joint Secretary (ITPO), Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance; and Aloke Mukherjee, DRDO. Ravinder, Joint Secretary, DIPP, Ministry of Commerce & Industry is the convenor of the panel.

Sources- The Hindu.