‘’Paper 4-GS-III, Topic: Important Security Forces Agency & their mandate – IAF chief lags of air ambulance

Coimbatore facility is first by a hospital with its own helipad approved by DGCA

    What you need to know:

  • Air Chief Marshal B.S. Dhanoa, Chief of the Air Staff, Indian Air Force launched Ganga Air Ambulance (GAA) run by the Coimbatore-based Ganga Medical Centre and Hospitals Private Limited.
  • GAA is the first air ambulance run by a hospital in the country with its own helipad approved by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation.
  • The Air Chief flagged off the 1992-made Agusta Westland 109C model twin-engine helicopter converted as air ambulance from the helipad at Ganga Nursing College at Vattamalaipalayam, nearly 13 km from the city.
  • Air Chief Marshal Dhanoa said the launch of GAA would improve aero-medical treatment in the country.

   Immediate Treatment:

  • Specialised medical treatment will now be available not just for those in or near Coimbatore but at distances as far as the air ambulance can fly and land.
  • This is a landmark achievement in the field of trauma care,” he said.
  • He said the IAF recognised the need for speed for limiting mortality while transporting the critically ill from battlefield.
  • He recalled how MI-17 and Mi-8 helicopters were sent to evacuate casualties from the icy Himalayan heights to airfields of Srinagar and Awantipur and further to defence hospitals during Kargil war in 1999.
  • Subsequently, the IAF formulated its own Critical Care Air Transport Unit Team in 2007,” said Air Chief Marshal Dhanoa. GAA is equipped with emergency support systems and can carry a maximum of two patients at a time and fly 230 nautical miles two-way or 425 km one way before the next refuelling.
  • After the flag-off, GAA took a sortie of 10 minutes and landed back at the helipad when the paramedical team performed a mock emergency evacuation drill.
  • As many as 17 transport aircraft of IAF can be converted into Air Ambulances, Dhanoa said. CCATT has the expertise and wherewithal to air transport the critically ill from remote corners of the country to tertiary care centre of the Armed Forces while providing critical care in flight.

   Source: Indian Air Force

‘’Paper 2-GS-I, Topic: Social Empowerment & Communalism – Forum set up to resist child marriage

UNICEF to support initiative of 33 boys and girls to prevent untimely marriages in Odisha

    What is important to know:

  • Children who have resisted parental and societal pressure to get married before the legal age have joined hands to bring an end to the regressive practice in Odisha.
  • As many as 33 boys and girls recently formed the ‘Odisha Child Marriage Resistance Forum’ and resolved to prevent untimely marriages and spread awareness among parents. Despite modern times and a massive awareness programme, child marriages continue to take place in Odisha. Namita Kanhar (name changed), a 17-year-old tribal girl from Kandhamal district, plans to start her life afresh after recently ending her year old marriage. She was married off after she cleared Class X and went through immense physical and mental torture at her inlaw’s house. Both of them cited their parents wanting to rid themselves of the ‘burden’ of a girl child. However, the case of Manas Khilla (name changed) — a 17-year-old boy in Koraput district — was different. His parents allegedly wanted a daughter-in-law to carry out household chores when he was just 14. Manas said that he protested and continued his study.

   Taking a stand:

  • ActionAid, an international voluntary organisation, and UNICEF have come forward to support the initiative of these brave children. “These girls and boys will now track child marriages in their locality. They will inform anganwadi workers and together, they would try to persuade parents to reject marriage proposals for their children. Besides, they would also inform the respective Child Development Project Officers, who are designated government officials, to stop child marriage,” said Ghasiram Panda of ActionAid.

   Worrying numbers:

  • As per an analysis by Census Directorate, Odisha, prevalence of child marriage still exists in society. “Out of the total 1,04,44,271 married males, 1,03,467 males (0.99%) got married when they were under 10-yearsold, 7,229 males (0.07%) at 10-11 years, 7,249 males (0.07%) at 12-13 years and 33,458 males (0.32%) at 14-15 years,” the analysis shows. In case of girls, of a total 11,992,001 married females, 1,32,651 (1.11%) got married when they were under 10- years-old. Similarly, 38,143 (0.32%) married at the age of 10-11 years and 1,13,282 (0.94%) at 12-13 years. As many as 7,48,960 (6.25%) females married at 14-15 years and 18,53,777 females (15.46%) married at the age of 16-17 years.

    Source: The Hindu

‘’Paper 4-GS-III, Topic: Changes on Industrial Policy & their effect on its growth – New U.S. envoy could aid FDI inflows

An ex-Warburg Pincus partner, the incoming U.S. ambassador is well versed with the market: USIBC


   U.S.-India Business Council:

  • It was formed in 1975 as a business advocacy organization to enlighten and encourage the private sectors of both India and United States to enhance investment flows. The organization serves as a direct link between business and Government leaders, resulting in increased trade and investment to strengthen ties between the two nations.
  • The appointment of former Warburg Pincus partner Kenneth Juster as the U.S. Ambassador to India will encourage other American investors to invest in the country, said U.S. India Business Council (USIBC) president Mukesh Aghi.
  • Juster, who earlier served on the USIBC board and played a key role in the negotiation of the Indo-U.S. civil nuclear co-operation deal, oversaw a significant scaling up of the private equity firm Warburg Pincus’ investments in India in recent years.
  • He was the firm’s managing director and partner till he was appointed as deputy secretary to Trump, and will have the advantage of knowing India well and coming here directly from the White House, Dr. Aghi said, dismissing any potential conflict of interests in his role due to his former firm’s exposure to India.
  • Juster left Warburg Pincus last year to join the White House and I don’t think there’s any conflict of interest there. In fact, his experience at Warburg will encourage other U.S. companies to look at India more seriously.
  • More important is his strong understanding of India and the fact that Indo-U.S. ties are not just about defence, but also business,” said the USIBC president who has known Mr. Juster ‘for a long time’.

   Nuclear deal:

  • While Mr. Juster played a key role in the nuclear deal negotiations, U.S. businesses in the nuclear energy space like Westinghouse have been unable to make much headway in terms of setting up new nuclear installations in India. “India, as per its commitment to the Paris Accord, has embarked on an ambitious nuclear energy implementation plan to build ten new plants. (But) the whole Westinghouse deal is caught up in the procedure of Toshiba’s bankruptcy issue,” Dr. Aghi said. “That needs to be sorted out before Westinghouse can move forward on the six nuclear plants they were thinking of building in India.

    Source: Press Trust of India