GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

Bengaluru Becomes First Indian City To Have Its Own Logo, Joins Club Of Global Metros Like New York, Paris, Berlin.


  • Based on a crowd-sourced design, a logo was unveiled on 24th December, 2017 at the ‘Namma Bengaluru Habba’ fest to promote ‘Brand Bengaluru’ on the global tourist map.
  • Its design is a crowd-sourced, creative identity representing the city and its denizens.
  • With a new identify and a new look, Bengaluru joins New York, Paris, Berlin, London, Melbourne, Singapore and other global cities in having its own tourism logo.
  • As a vibrant city of many cultures, colours and flavours, Bengaluru is on the move. It’s a dynamic city where tradition and modernity co-exist and its people thrive to aspire, said Karnataka tourism minister Priyank Kharge.


Highlights Of The Development–

  • The state tourism department will promote Bengaluru by leveraging its new identity through the logo and showcase the city’s heritage, architecture, gardens, art, music, food and its modern lifestyle, driven by technology.
  • The logo will also help to leverage Bengaluru’s identity and create a brand value that could spur its economy and generate jobs by attracting more investments.
  • Scripted in English and Kannada, the logo is similar to the tourism department’s ‘One State Many World’s’ logo, with options to change its colour into green, red or yellow to suit the occasion.
  • Observing that Brand Bengaluru was not about its coffee cafes and shopping malls but a new identity representing its people, their lifestyle and culture, the minister said the logo would provide an opportunity for tourists to feel the vibrancy of the city and its ethos.
  • Kharge also launched the tourism department’s mobile app with audio and video facility at the street fest held around the Vidhan Soudha.
  • The day-long street fest also had live performances by folk artists, story-telling sessions, interactive workshops and a flea market, with stalls displaying handicrafts, terracotta jewellery, herbal products, organic grains, including millets and a variety of food items.

Sources- Firstpost.

GS Paper II- Governance.

India’s First Runway On ‘Sea Bridge’ To Be Built At Agatti Airport.


  • India is all set to get its first runway on a ‘sea bridge’ soon, as the Airports Authority of India (AAI) has been given a nod to extend Lakshadweep’s Agatti Airport.
  • The task will be carried out by building an RCC platform on the beach and shallow area which will allow bigger ATRs to operate to the island.
  • Notably, the AAI had earlier planned of linking two adjacent islands for the purpose of extending the runway.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • Once completed, the runway will be long enough for ATR-72 to operate. At present, only smaller turboprops operate there.
  • The entire project is likely to cost about Rs 1,500 crore.
  • The air fare (to and from Agatti) is on the higher side as the ATR-72 aircraft are running with load penalty and carry only maximum of 50 passengers with 15 kg of luggage against 65 passengers with maximum luggage of 15 kg and no provision of paid luggage.
  • The newly improved airport will help in bringing the fares to an affordable level. Agatti could be India’s first runway-on-sea bridge as the same was considered for two more airports — Juhu airport in Mumbai and Kullu — but was not found suitable for those places.



GS Paper III- Technology.

India’s 1st Pod Taxi On The Way, To Follow U.S. Safety Norms.


  • The much-awaited India’s first pod taxi project has moved a step closer to reality after a high-level panel recommended inviting fresh bids for the same conforming to the strictest safety standards on the lines of those prescribed by an American body.
  • The projected ₹4,000-crore pod taxi scheme — also known as Personal Rapid Transit (PRT) — is a dream project of Road Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari, and the NHAI has been mandated to execute it on Delhi-Gurgaon pilot corridor (12.3 km) from Delhi-Haryana border to Rajiv Chowk in Gurgaon on a PPP (public-private partnership) basis.
  • PRT is an advanced public transport using automated electric pod cars to provide a taxi-like demand responsive feeder and shuttle services for small groups of travellers and is a green mode of uninterrupted journey.

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The ambitious project has been plagued by delays as government think-tank Niti Aayog raised some red flags, asking the highways ministry to direct initial bidders to prepare a 1-km pilot stretch as all the technologies were unproven.
  • Subsequent delays were caused due to formation of the high- powered committee to lay down safety and other specifications.
  • The committee in its report also recommended framing of request for quotation (RFQ) based on discussions with interested players and stressed the need for evaluation, based on performance in the test sections.
  • The automated people mover (APM) standards in the US as recommended by the committee for the maiden PRT in India have been prepared by the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) and these constitute the minimum requirements for an acceptable level of safety and performance for the PRT.
  • The APM standards include minimum requirements for the design, construction, operation and maintenance of the various sub-systems of an APM system and are in general relevant for a PRT, the committee said. These include vehicle arrival audio and video visual warning system, platform sloping, evacuation of misalighted vehicles, surveillance/CCTV, audio communication, emergency call points and fire protection, among other advanced systems.
  • The pilot project, to be taken up on design, build, finance, operate and transfer (DBFOT) basis, is meant for a 12.3-km stretch from Delhi-Haryana border on NH 8 (near Ambience Mall) to Badshahpur via Rajiv Chowk, IFFCO and Sohna Road.
  • The model is in place in London’s Heathrow airport, Morgantown and Masdar city.

Sources- The Hindu.