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‘’Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Important aspects of Governance & Limitations – New restrictions on cattle slaughter

Centre notifies rules to prevent sale of cows, buffaloes and other bovines for slaughter at markets

     Brief:

  • The Centre has banned the sale of cattle for slaughter at animal markets across the country. Under a notification, titled the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Regulation of Livestock Markets) Rules, 2017, those who wish to sell cattle — bulls, cows, buffaloes, steers, heifers and camels — may do so only after they formally state that the animals have not been “brought to the market for sale for slaughter”.

   Verification of buyers:

  • At the same time, buyers of cattle at animal markets will have to verify they are agriculturalists and declare that they will not sell the animal/s for a period of six months from the date of purchase.
  • The rules, notified by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change on May 23, demand that buyers “follow the State cattle protection and preservation laws” and “not sacrifice the animal for any religious purpose”.
  • Monitoring committees at the State and district levels will be set up to implement the rules and monitor the functioning of animal markets.
  • Such markets will be identified and registered; any new market that is set up will need the approval of the District Animal Market Monitoring Committee, which will be chaired by the Collector or District Magistrate.
  • To inhibit smuggling, animal markets may not function within 25 kilometres of a State border and 50 kilometres of an international border.

      Impact on industry:

  • While individuals have not been prevented from selling cattle for slaughter, representatives from the meat and livestock industry have expressed serious concern about the impact of the notification. D.B. Sabharwal, secretary general, All India Meat and Livestock Exporters Association, said representatives from the industry have asked for a meeting with Central government ministers and senior officials including in the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change to inform them about the adverse impact on industry, employment as well as the export sector.

   Source: Hindustan Times

‘’Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Effects of International Policies – Corbyn links foreign policy to growing terror threat in Britain

Labour chief argues it has failed to promote peace at home

    Brief:

  • In what could be regarded as the most significant break in the foreign policy narrative of Britain’s largest political parties, Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn has launched a scathing attack on Britain’s track record, arguing that its approach had failed to promote peace at home.
  • Seeing the army on our streets is a stark reminder that the current approach is not working very well,” Mr. Corbyn told a gathering in central London, as parties resumed their campaigning days after the attack on the Manchester Arena, which killed 22 people and injured well over 100.
  • In a passionate speech, which began with a minute’s silence for the attack’s victims, Mr. Corbyn said that while the blame for the atrocity lay with the terrorists alone, protecting the country in the long term required an informed understanding of the causes of terrorism.

   Minimizing the chance:

  • A Labour government would focus on strengthening national security, and would only deploy troops abroad if there was a clear need and a plan, adequate resources and a focus on delivering an outcome that delivered lasting peace, he promised.
  • While no government could prevent every terrorist attack, it was the responsibility of government to minimise that chance, and ensure that foreign policy reduced rather than increased the threat at home, he said.

   Critical of funding cuts:

  • Corbyn was also critical of cuts that had been made to emergency services, pointing out that both forces had been key to the response in Manchester. “Austerity has to stop at the Accident and Emergency ward and at the police station door.
  • His words are a clear attack on the Conservative government’s foreign policy they are also a criticism of past Labour policy. Mr. Corbyn strongly opposed the Tony Blair government’s intervention in Iraq and Afghanistan.
  • The police in Britain have thwarted 18 terror plots in the past four years alone. The attack on Manchester has left the U.K. government vulnerable to criticism on a number of counts, including resources made available to police forces.

    Source: News United

 

‘’Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: India’s Interest & its effects to Policies – Provident Fund contribution may be cut to fatten your wallet

Mandatory savings rate to be reduced to 10% from 12%

    What you need to know:

  • Employees may expect a better take home salary in the near future as the Labour Ministry has proposed decreasing the mandatory rate of contribution toward provident fund savings from 12% to 10% of the income.
  • Central trade unions, however, are set to strongly oppose the proposal which will be discussed in the Employees Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO)’s central board of trustees (CBT) meeting, chaired by Labour Minister Bandaru Dattatreya, to be held in Pune.
  • The social security contribution rate affects the institutional environment and labour market efficiency. It has an impact on the carry home pay of the employees,” the meeting’s agenda papers said. “Lowering the rate of contribution may facilitate widening the coverage of all employees, as a lower social security contribution rate reduces the incentive for evasion. Even employees may wilfully become a party to evasion if the social security contribution is very high.

   Compulsory saving:

  • At present, 24% of a formal sector worker’s salary is deducted — with 12% counted as employer’s share and 12% as employee’s contribution — toward Employees’ Provident Fund savings. This is compulsory for employees earning ₹15,000 a month.
  • The EPFO’s central board of trustees will consider a proposal to lower “the rate of contribution to be paid by the employer and an equal contribution by employees from the present 12% to 10% by the issue of an appropriate order by the Central Government.
  • The Employees Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act 1952 empower the Centre to lower the contribution rate toward EPFO schemes and the Government intends to issue a notification to effect the change.
  • The move comes following a directive from the Labour Ministry to EPFO on April 28. The EPFO said that employees who intended to make higher savings could still do so by availing the option of voluntary provident fund contribution allowed under the present law.

   Union opposition:

  • The RSS-affiliated Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (BMS), which has not participated in nationwide strikes organised by central trade unions in the last two years, is threatening to go on a strike this time.

    Source: The Hindu