GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

From Feb 9, 2018, 3-Day International Bird Festival At Dudhwa, Uttar Pradesh.


  • A three-day international bird festival will be held at the Dudhwa National Park from February 9, 2018 with nearly 200 leading ornithologists expected to attend.
  • The purpose behind the international bird festival is to promote eco-tourism in Dudhwa and to give it a distinct international identity besides highlighting its traditional Tharu arts, culture and heritage, Principal Chief Conservator of Forests SK Upadhyay told.
  • Eminent documentary maker Mike Pandey would act as the brand ambassador of the festival.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • A Florican village comprising 100 cottages would be set up at the Tiger Haven to accommodate 200 reputed bird experts, participating in the bird festival.
  • During the three-day event, the bird experts would visit various parts of Dudhwa to gather information about the 450 bird species existing there.
  • Technical sessions by these bird experts would be held after each day’s visit for the exchange of views and suggestions over the bird population to benefit the Dudhwa officials.
  • Upadhyay said that 20 additional cottages at the Florican village would be set up for those aspiring to sponsor the various events during bird festival at a very convenient package fees.
  • He said that during the bird festival, cultural shows by Dudhwa Tharus to highlight their tribal culture and heritage would be held while stalls would be set up for displaying Tharu handicrafts and artefacts.
  • Photo exhibitions, bird paintings and competitions would also be held.

Sources- Business-Standard.


GS Paper II- Governance.

Himachal CM Launches ‘Shakti’ App For Women’s Safety, ‘GUDDIYA’, ‘Hoshiyar Singh’ App Also Launched.


  • Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur on 26th January, 2018 launched the ‘Shakti’ app in Shimla, which comes with a panic button, for women’s safety. The app was developed by the National Informatics Centre (NIC) of the Himachal Pradesh government.
  • The app would be available in Hindi and English languages and would not require internet connectivity, State Informatics Officer Ajay Singh Chahal said, adding that shaking the device would trigger the app to send its location through GPS.
  • Once triggered, the app would automatically send a message to the nearest police control room and start recording audio and video after 20 seconds.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • The Chief Minister also launched the ‘GUDDIYA’ helpline number 1515 and the ‘Hoshiyar Singh’ helpline number 1090.
  • The app and the helpline were part of an initiative to fight crimes against women in the state, the release said, adding that the image of the police had taken a beating due to the infamous Gudia rape and murder case.
  • The ‘Hoshiyar Singh’ helpline would be monitored by the CM’s office in a 24×7 basis, and the government would use information gathered on this helpline to come down heavily on the drug, forest and mining mafias, the chief minister said.
  • Education Minister Suresh Bhardwaj, Chief Secretary Vineet Chawdhary, Principal Secretary to CM Manisha Nanda and other senior civil and police officers were also present on the occasion.

Sources- The Tribune.


GS Paper III- Security.

HAL Successfully Tests Light Combat Helicopter With Home-Made Controls For First Time.


  • State-run Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd on 31st January, 2018 said its pilots have successfully flown the home-made 5.8-tonne Light Combat Helicopter with its own automatic flight control system for the first time.
  • The 20-minute maiden flight of the multirole copter was flawless with the engagement of the flight control system throughout, the state-run HAL said in a statement in Bengaluru.
  • HAL Chairman T Suvarna Raju said the flight control system, whose development the company funded, would replace the imported one.

Highlights Of The Development-

  • HAL Chief Test Pilot Wing Commander Unni K Pillai (retired) and Test Pilot Group Captain Rajesh Verma (retired) flew the chopper after taking off from the defence airport in the city’s eastern suburb.
  • Representatives from certification agencies and company officials were present on the occasion.
  • The company has also indigenised the attack helicopter’s display system or the integrated architecture display system with the involvement of the private industry.
  • The company received a request for proposal (RFP) on December 22, 2017 for the supply of 15 LCH from the Indian Air Force (IAF) and the Indian Army.
  • The Defence Acquisition Council in 2016 cleared 10 LCH for the IAF and five for the Army.
  • The chopper is powered by two Shakti engines and has many features of the indigenous Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH) Dhruv.
  • The company has so far built four technology demonstrators of the LCH for flight testing. One of them also landed in forward bases at Siachen, located 5,400 metres above sea level in the eastern Karakoram range of the Himalayas.
  • The LCH also participated in the IAF’s Iron Fist exercise in March 2016 and displayed its rocket-firing capabilities in weaponised configuration, the statement added.
  • Defence Minister Arun Jaitely launched the LCH production on August 26, 2017 when it received the initial operational clearance.
  • The helicopter also has day and night targeting systems for the crew, including helmet-pointed sight and electro-optical pod.
  • As a derivative of the ALH platform, the LCH was certified by the defence regulator Cemilac on October 16, 2015, after extensive trials in all-weather conditions. Known for its agility, the tandem twin-seat chopper is equipped for day-and-night combat operations, with digital camouflage system for stealth actions.

Sources- NDTV.