GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

Aruna Budda Reddy Becomes 1st Indian To Win Individual Medal At Gymnastics World Cup.

Background

  • Aruna Budda Reddy on 24th February, 2018 created history by becoming the first Indian gymnast to win an individual medal at the Gymnastics World Cup as she clinched a bronze in the women’s vault event in Melbourne.
  • The 22-year-old Reddy, who hails from Hyderabad, scored 13.649 average points to win the bronze at the Hisense Arena.
  • Tjasa Kysslef of Slovania won the gold with a score of 13.800 while Emily Whitehead of Australia took the silver with 13.699.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • Another Indian in the final round, Pranati Nayak finished sixth with a score of 13.416. The sport of gymnastics has a series of World Cup events in a year and they are second in importance after the World Championships.
  • Dipa Karmakar, who finished fourth in the 2016 Rio Olympics in women’s vault event, has won a bronze each in the Asian Championships and 2014 Commonwealth Games but not at the level of a World Cup.
  • This was Aruna’s first international medal through she has taken part at the 2013 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships, 2014 Commonwealth Games and 2014 Asian Games and the 2017 Asian Championships.
  • Her best international performance before this feat was the sixth place finish at the 2017 Asian Championships vault event.
  • In all the other international events, she could not go beyond the qualification stage.
  • In other events, Rakesh Patra finished fourth in the men’s rings event. He was still in the fray for the final round of the parallel bars.
  • Sixteen countries are featuring in the World Cup series event this year across two days of qualification with the top eight teams athletes on each apparatus heading to the finals

Sources- Business-Standard.

GS Paper II- International Relations.

Cabinet Approves Signing Of A Host Of Pacts With Jordan.

Background

  • The Union Cabinet on 28th February, 2018 gave its nod to sign a host of pacts with Jordan, including cooperation in the field of health, manpower, customs and mining.
  • It approved signing an MoU with Jordan on cooperation and mutual administrative assistance in customs matters. This will help in availability of relevant information for prevention and investigation of offences related to customs violation.
  • The agreement is also expected to facilitate trade and ensure efficient clearance of goods traded between the countries.

Highlights Of The Development-

  • Jordan’s King Abdullah II arrived here on 27th February evening on a three-day visit which is aimed at taking bilateral relations to a “new high”.
  • The Union Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, also gave its approval for a pact for cooperation between India and Jordan in the field of manpower.
  • The pact aims at enhancing collaboration between the two sides in promoting best practices in administration of contractual employment, reflect the latest reforms in recruitment processes and enhance protection and welfare of Indian workers in Jordan.
  • Collaboration between the two sides in use of online portal for recruitment of Indian manpower is expected to usher in greater transparency and curb malpractices in the recruitment process, the statement said.
  • The Cabinet also gave its approval for cooperation between the two countries in health and medical science, and will cover areas like Universal Health Coverage (UHC), health system governance, services and information technology in health, among others.
  • The areas also include health research, national health statistics, health finance and economy, chronic disease control, tobacco control, diagnosis, treatment and medication in tuberculosis and regulation of pharmaceuticals and medical devices.
  • A working group will be set up to further elaborate the details of cooperation and to oversee the implementation of this Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), said the statement
  • The Union Cabinet has approved the signing of MoU between India and Jordan for mining and beneficiation of Rock Phosphate and MOP and setting up production facility in Jordan for Phosphoric Acid/DAP/NPK Fertilisers with a long term agreement for 100 per cent off-take to India, it said.
  • The MoU would ensure consistent supply of raw material, intermediaries and finish P&K fertilisers to cater to the needs of the country at a reasonable price, the statement said.

Sources- PTI.

GS Paper III- Economic Development.

Govt Slaps Anti-Dumping Duty On Ceramicware From China.

Background

  • India has imposed anti-dumping duty on import of ceramic tableware and kitchenware from China in a bid to protect domestic producers.
  • Ceramic tableware and kitchenware shipped in from China will attract an anti-dumping duty of USD 1.04 per kg, making the imports expensive.
  • All India Pottery Manufacturers Association (AIPMA) and the Indian Ceramic Society had approached the Directorate General of Anti-Dumping and Allied Duties (DGAD) for imposition of the levy on the items.

Highlights Of The Development-

  • They local manufacturers alleged that the goods were being dumped into India and consequently causing injury to the domestic industry.
  • After a probe, the DGAD recommended imposition of definitive anti-dumping duty on the imports.
  • Based on the recommendations, the revenue department in the finance ministry has slapped the duty.
  • Earlier, a provisional anti-dumping duty was imposed in June 2017.
  • The final duty has been imposed for five years starting June 2017.
  • Countries initiate anti-dumping probes to determine if the domestic industry has been hurt by a surge in below-cost imports. As a counter measure, they impose duties under the multilateral WTO regime.

Sources- Business-Standard.