GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

First International Day Of Diplomats Celebrated In Brasilia.


  • The first International Day of Diplomats was celebrated in Brasilia on 24 October, 2017 with partaicipation from the diplomats of Bangladesh, Brazil, France, Ghana, India, Israel, Italy, Mexico, South Africa and Turkey.
  • The idea of celebrating International Day of Diplomats on 24 October, also the United Nations Day – to recognise the hard work and sacrifices of diplomats and their families – was proposed by Indian poet-diplomat Abhay K. in his piece for a leading online daily titled ‘Why the World needs International Day of Diplomats’ on October 11 this year. Since then, the idea has gathered wide support from a cross-section of the international community, including diplomats of several countries.


Highlights Of The Development–

  • Speaking on the occasion of the celebrations of the first International Day of Diplomats in Brasilia on 24 October, Rodrigo Alexandre de Carvalho, the head of the Central Asia Division of the Brazilian Foreign Ministry, said that Diplomats Day is an excellent way of bringing different cultures together and I hope the idea flourishes.
  • Eleazar Velasco Navarro, the Deputy Chief of Mission of Mexico in Brazil, said that it is important to have a day to celebrate diplomacy and the efforts of diplomats towards making a better world.
  • Nahida Rahman Shumona, the Charge de Affaires and Minister of Bangladesh Embassy in Brazil, said that International Day of Diplomats should be celebrated every year to congratulate diplomats for their hard work.
  • Gilles Pecassou, the Minister Counsellor and the Deputy Chief of Mission of France in Brazil, said that International Day of Diplomats is a great idea and he hope that it is organized every year.
  • Roye Ende, the Head of Administration of the Israel Embassy in Brazil, said that Celebrating International Diplomats Day is a great way to bring the diplomatic community closer and I hope that it is celebrated regularly.
  • Eunice Amponash, Consul and the Head of Administration from Ghana Embassy in Brazil, said that it is great to take some time off from busy schedule for diplomats to share their culture on such a occasion.
  • Solly Sebola from the South African Embassy said that it is important to celebrate diplomacy.
  • Abhay K., who coordinated the event in Brasilia, said that the families of diplomats have to face immense hardships. Diplomats have to move from one continent to another every three to four years, overcome language and cultural barriers, make friends quickly, only to leave all this behind at the time of departure. Their work remains largely invisible to the public back home.
  • Diplomats are often stereotyped as privileged lotus-eaters. These perceptions need to be changed. Celebrating International Diplomats Day can provide an opportunity for the general public to know more about the vital work diplomats do to keep peace and to bring our world closer.

Sources- Catchnews.

GS Paper III- Technology, Economic Development.

L&T Technology Services Conferred With CII Industrial Innovation Award, 2017.


  • L&T Technology Services Ltd (LTTS), a leading global pure play engineering services company, was conferred with the CII Industrial Innovation Award, 2017 that recognized it as one of the most innovative Indian companies in the services category at the CII Industrial Innovation Awards ceremony in New Delhi on 24th October, 2017.
  • Speaking on the occasion Mr Chandrajit Banerjee, Director General of CII said that LTTS has a robust innovation engine with a strong innovation culture, effective management of systems and processes and prudent investments to nurture and empower employees, resulting in tangible and measurable outcomes. These best practices along with a multi-sectoral presence enabling cross-pollination of ideas has led to LTTS providing differentiated engineering solutions to 48 of the world’s top 100 R&D companies .



Highlights Of The Development-

  • The Confederation of Indian Industry lauded LTTS’ efforts to create a collaborative ecosystem comprising of global technology firms and internationally reputed institutes such as the Indian Institute of Science, IITs, Germany’s Fraunhofer and US-based Purdue University to make advances in R&D, creating best in class engineering solutions that can benefit the nation.
  • CII also praised LTTS’ breakthrough research being conducted across 30 laboratories that seek to address the future needs of its global customers. Its innovation culture has led to the creation of 223 customer owned patents and 65 filed exclusively by LTTS engineers.
  • The process for determining the top awards and the list of top innovative companies used a rigorous 5 stages involving an assessor visit to the place of operations of the applicants. The unbiased assessment process measured the innovation culture, innovation management, inputs to innovation and the results of innovation.
  • CII Industrial Innovation Awards were instituted by CII in 2014 to recognize and celebrate innovative Indian enterprises across industry segments. These premier awards seek to recognize and honor the Indian Industry’s brightest stars and to identify the top Innovative Organizations & Start-ups in the country.
  • L&T Technology Services Limited is a publicly listed subsidiary of Larsen & Toubro Limited focused on Engineering and R&D Services (ER&D) addressing global customers including 52 Fortune 500 companies and 48 of the world’s top ER&D spenders. A leading global pure-play engineering services company, L&T Technology Services offers consultancy, design, development and testing services across the product and process development life cycle for the industrial products, medical devices, transportation, telecom & hi-tech, and the process industries.

Sources- Business Wire India.


GS Paper IV- Ethics.

WHO Withdraws Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe’s Goodwill Ambassador Title.


  • The World Health Organisation (WHO) said it had withdrawn the appointment of Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe as the goodwill ambassador for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Africa.
  • WHO announced on 17th October, 2017 that it had bestowed the honour of goodwill ambassador on Mugabe in recognition of his government’s efforts in fighting NCDs.
  • WHO Director General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, however, said in a statement on 19th October, 2017 that he had listened to those expressing concerns and heard the different issues they had raised.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • After consultations with the Zimbabwean government, WHO Director General Tedros said they concluded that the rescinding decision was in the best interest of the UN agency.
  • Meanwhile, the Zimbabwean government said Mugabe had accepted the decision by WHO.
  • Foreign Affairs Minister Walter Mzembi said the decision will not affect Mugabe, who will continue to work to raise awareness on NCDs.
  • Mzembi said that they respect the WHO decision as much as they respect the initial decision to honor their president.
  • The minister added that the decision was a loss to WHO rather than an embarrassment to Mugabe.
  • Mugabe and his wife remain under European Union and United States sanctions imposed in the early 2000s for political reasons, though several of Mugabe’s allies in government and party have been removed from the EU sanctions lists.

Sources- Business-Standard.