GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

Roger Federer Wins Sixth Australian Open And 20th Grand Slam Title.


  • Roger Federer won his sixth Australian Open and 20th Grand Slam title with a five-set victory over Marin Cilic on 28th January, 2018.
  • The Swiss lost five games in a row as he dropped the fourth set but recovered to win 6-2 6-7 (5-7) 6-3 3-6 6-1.
  • Federer, 36, becomes only the fourth player after Margaret Court, Serena Williams and Steffi Graf to win 20 or more major singles titles.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • The final was played under the Rod Laver Arena roof as the tournament’s extreme heat policy was invoked.
  • Despite starting at 19:30 local time in Melbourne, the conditions were if anything more testing than 24 hours earlier, when Caroline Wozniacki and Simona Halep played to the point of exhaustion in the women’s final.
  • With the roof closed and air-conditioning taking the edge off the temperature, Federer and Cilic played out a gripping contest over three hours and two minutes.
  • After a poor start, Cilic looked to have the momentum when he won five games in a row to force a fifth set, but Federer clung on to his serve at the start of the decider and got the key break in the following game.
  • The Swiss ties the record for men’s Australian Open titles at six with Novak Djokovic and Roy Emerson, and moves four clear of Rafael Nadal in the all-time list for male Grand Slam champions on 20.

Sources- BBC.


GS Paper II- Governance.

Sports Minister Rathore Administers Khelo India Pledge In Delhi.


  • Delhi came together to pledge its support to Khelo India School Games at the Central Park in Connaught Place on 28th January, 2018. The minister of sports and youth affairs, Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore, administered the Khelo India pledge to hundreds of sports lovers who came to the Park in a carnival like atmosphere that also had the giant tricolour fluttering in the backdrop.
  • The minister, who was India’s first individual silver medallist ever at the 2004 Olympic Games, reiterated his enthusiasm for sports by shooting hoops, playing some table tennis and making a few chess moves before exhorting the youngsters to go out and play sports for a healthy new India.
  • Rathore said  the objective of Khelo Indiais aimed at ushering a sports culture in the country. It’s more than just winning or losing. Every year they will be taking in 1000 youngsters under the Khelo India programme and provide them with support to the tune of Rs. 5 lakh for the next 8 years.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • Rathore also said that in the future the age for inducting talented athletes into the programme could be further reduced. He also pointed out that Khelo India is not just about talent spotting, it’s also about grooming talent.
  • He added that the idea is to groom talented athletes by providing them with the right training facilities and exposure. Their progress will be monitored by using IT-driven technology.
  • Emphasizing on the need to make Khelo India as movement for turning India into a sporting powerhouse, Rathore said that the aim is to engage the maximum number of people with sports. It has to start from within the family, in schools and at the local level. When more people start playing sport, India will discover more talent.
  • The carnival atmosphere continued to attract the youth long after the minister had left the Central Park and hundreds of enthusiastic youngsters tried their hand at their favourite sports.
  • The Games will be held at multiple venues across Delhi including Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, Indira Gandhi Stadium Complex, Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium, Karni Singh Shooting Range and Dr SPM Swimming Complex.
  • The program encompasses 16 sports disciplines such as Archery, Athletics, Badminton, Basketball, Boxing, Football, Gymnastics, Hockey, Judo, Kabaddi, Kho-Kho, Shooting, Swimming, Volleyball, Weightlifting and Wrestling.

Sources- TOI, UNI.


GS Paper III- Technology, Economic Development.

AAI, Lao PDR Sign Civil Aviation Cooperation Agreement.


  • Celebrating 25 years of the India-ASEAN relationship, the Airports Authority of India (AAI) has signed a historic agreement with Lao Air Traffic Management, Department of Civil Aviation, Lao PDR, for providing SkyRev360, a comprehensive e-data gathering, invoicing and collection system.
  • SkyRev360 has been developed in collaboration with the International Air Transport Association (IATA) under the Government of India’s Make in India initiative.



Highlights Of The Development-

  • The agreement was signed on January 19, 2018 by S. Suresh, Board Member (Finance), AAI and Somchit Vinitkeophavanh, General Director, Lao Air Traffic Management in the presence of Bounchanch Sinthavong, Minister of Public Works and Transport, Laos, Mr. Vanhpheng Chanthaphone, Director General Civil Aviation, Laos, Ravi Shankar Aisola, Ambassador of India in Laos, Manfred Blondeel, Director (E&F), IATA and other senior officials from International Air Transport Association, Lao Air Traffic management, Directorate General of Civil Aviation, Laos and Airports Authority of India.
  • Speaking on the occasion, DGCA Laos said that Lao PDR is looking forward to working in close co-operation with the AAI in the near future.
  • Ambassador Aisola termed the contract signing as a historic moment in the relationship between India and Laos.
  • S Suresh emphasized that considering the 25 year-long India-ASEAN relationship, the signing of this agreement will usher in new era of friendship and co-operation between India and Laos.

Sources- ANI.