GS Paper I- Indian Heritage and Culture.

First Ever Indian Transgender Beauty Pageant Held In Gurugram.


  • The first edition of Miss Transqueen India, a beauty pageant for transgenders, took place in Gurugram on 27th August, 2017.
  • As many as 1,500 participants battled it out to make it to the top 16.
  • At the final event, 16 contestants from Delhi, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Manipur, Karnataka and other states competed to win the Miss Transqueen India title.

Highlights Of The Development–

  • Auditions were held in Delhi, Mumbai and Manipur.
  • Like other beauty pageants, the contestants had to go through swimming costume, traditional wear, evening gown and question-answer rounds.
  • Transgender social activist Gauri Sawant, former Mr Gay India Sushant Divgikar, fashion stylist Shaine Soni, educator and grooming expert Avleen Khokhar, nutrition and beauty expert Varun Katyal and Hector Ravinder Dutt, Principal of Delhi Public School Rohtak were on the judging panel.
  • Miss Transsexual Australia 2017 Laeticia Phylliscia Raveena had been invited for crowning the first Miss Transqueen India.
  • Though there is no prize money, the participants will get good exposure.
  • The winner will go to Thailand for Miss International Queen, the first runner-up will compete at Miss Transsexual Australia.

Sources- India Today.

GS Paper II- Social Justice, Governance.

Manipur’s Nungthaang Tampak Becomes North East’s First 100 % Computer Literate Village.


  • Manipur’s Nungthaang Tampak village has emerged as the ‘100 percent computer literate’ not only in the state but in the entire North East.
  • The training program was organised by Mangaal Rural, an NGO working for rural development.
  • The computer course, which is affiliated to All India Society for Electronic and Computer Technology (AISECT), was organised by Mangal Rural as a part of the Digital India program.

Highlights Of The Development-

  • A total of 180 villagers out of 200 total population of the village participated in the program and now, would be capable to join the ever-changing journey of information and technology.
  • Director of Mangaal Rural, N. Surjit has stated that Nungthang Tampak has become India’s second 100 percent computer literate village in India. Kerala’s Chamravattom village is the country’s first 100 percent computer literate village.
  • The training program kicked off on July 24, 2017 with four computer systems with one WiFi server and two master trainers provided free of cost by Mangaal Rural, based in Imphal.
  • The village, about 65 kms south of Imphal, is located in Saikot Assembly constituency of Churachandur district. This is a Kom village and has 45 households having a population of 200.
  • After the training program concluded, Surjit donated a computer set with WiFi connectivity and a solar power system to the village.
  • To ensure that all the villagers attend the course, classes were opened from 5 am in the morning and continued till midnight. A room at the church premises was used as the classroom. The two trainers were provided camped at the village during the course.
  • Surjit explained that as the villagers had to go to paddy fields and other works, the classes remained open throughout the day and night so that all of them could join the class when they were free.
  • The villagers were taught how to surf, compose text, save them, photoshop, send e-mail, store data and get print outs, etc.

Sources- DNA.


GS Paper III- Security, Technology.

In Boost To Army’s Fire Power, Medium Range Missile System Coming To Army In 3 Years.



  • After years of wait, the Indian Army will finally get an advanced medium-range surface to air missile (MRSAM) system by 2020 which will be able to shoot down ballistic missiles, fighter jets and attack helicopters from a range of around 70 km.
  • The missile system will be produced by premier defence research organisation DRDO in collaboration with the Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), a senior army official said.
  • The MRSAM system will be capable of shooting down enemy ballistic missiles, aircraft, helicopters, drones, surveillance aircraft and AWACS (Airborne Warning and Control Systems) aircraft.
  • The current version of MRSAM is operational with the Indian Air Force and the Navy.


Key Points Of The Development-

  • The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has signed a Rs. 17,000 crore deal with the IAI for the ambitious project.
  • The MR-SAM, a land-based version of the long-range surface-to-air missile (LRSAM) for the Navy, will have a strike range of up 70 km. The deal envisages 40 firing units and around 200 missiles.
  • The official report said that the MRSAM for Army’s Air Defence is an advanced all weather, 360 degree mobile land based theatre air defence system capable of providing air defence to critical areas against a wide variety of threats in a combat zone.
  • The first set of missile system will be ready in the next three years.
  • The Army has been pressing the government to enhance its aerial attack capability considering the evolving security challenges.
  • In May, 2017, the Army successfully test fired an advanced version of the Brahmos land-attack cruise missile in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • The Indian Army, which became the first land force in the world to deploy the Brahmos in 2007, has raised several regiments of this formidable weapon.
  • In May 2015, the Army had inducted the indigenously- developed supersonic surface-to-air missile Akash which is capable of targeting enemy helicopters, aircraft and UAVs from a range of 25 km.
  • The Army thinks procurement of the MRSAM will mark a paradigm shift in its strike capability.

Sources- NDTV.