GS Paper IIIDifferent types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage

On Karnataka-Kerala border, harmony flows with water

What’s Happening-
Every year, villagers of Manila and Puttige build a barrage across Shiriya river to face summer.
Two neighbouring villages, in Karnataka and Kerala, almost completed this year’s ‘annual ritual’ — something they have been doing for three decades.

Key Points discussed were:


  • According to Rajesh Padekallu, Manila gram panchayat president, the practice has been on for about 30 years.
  • For about eight years, the Puttige panchayat has been providing labour under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme while Manila villagers too provide men and material.


  • The water stored in the barrage helps irrigate about 300 acres of land comprising areca nut gardens and paddy fields of both the States.
  • It recharges the groundwater in the region.
  • The 50-metre long barrage is built using boulders, sandbags and plantain trunks.

Appeal to governments:

  • The project is nearing completion because.
  • It would help in storing more water this season.
  • Manila Gram panchayat had been urging the Karnataka government to build a permanent barrage.
  • The panchayat as well as residents were willing to share water with their neighbours in Kerala as was being done at present, and wanted both the governments to act in this regard.
  • River Shiriya has its origin near Kolthige village in the Puttur taluk of Karnataka.

The ritual is nothing but the construction of a katta (temporary barrage) across the Shiriya River, which acts as the border between Karnataka and Kerala.
In a rare display of bonhomie, the villagers — belonging to Manila in Karnataka and Puttige in Kerala join hands to build this barrage to face the summer.
The barrage is built at the Balekallu village of Bantwal taluk, about 56 km from Mangaluru.

Sources- The Indian Express, The Hindu. Page 1

GS Paper III Challenges to internal security through communication networks

Online fraud worth ₹3,700 cr busted

What’s Happening-
Noida-based company duped around 6.5 lakh people; owner, two others held, bank accounts sealed.
A Special Task Force (STF) of Uttar Pradesh police on Thursday busted an alleged online trading scam worth over ₹3,700 crore in which around 6.5 lakh people were cheated on the pretext of getting money for clicking on web pages.

Key Points discussed were:

Tall claims:

  • The victims of the fraud said that the company’s owner portrayed himself as the “Mark Zuckerberg” (Facebook owner) of the country.
  • He had launched a social networking site to lure the customers.
  • The victims said that the company even claimed to be starting its own private bank to deal with the customers as the size of its transactions was growing rapidly.

Earn per click’ scheme:

  • According to the SSP, the company has so far done the business of over ₹3,700 crore. 
  • The accused started a web portal — — where an investor had to pay an amount, from ₹5,750 to ₹57,500, in the company’s account to become a member. Each member was promised ₹5 per click on links provided by the company

Changing identity

  • The accused constantly changed their company’s name to evade arrest. Some of the companies they floated to dupe people are,
  • Police Filed a complaint case against the company that it was cheating people under ponzi scheme.

The fraud plan
The company asked people to buy their package after which they would get online add links in their email accounts.
For visiting these add links, the company used to give handsome money to the customers.
The company used to claim that it gets outsourced work of publicity of products from other companies and it distributes the work and profit among its customers.
The company had also offered incentives to the existing customers on making more clients based on multi-level marketing.
Educated investors:
Not only semi-literate people but also highly educated ones, invested their hard-earned money in the company. The victims of the fraud included many IT, media professionals and doctors among other.

Sources- The Indian Express, The Hindu. Page 8