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GS Paper II- International Relations.

India And Somalia Sign Agreement On Transfer Of Sentenced Persons.

Background

  • India and Somalia on Tuesday, 1st August, 2017 signed a bilateral agreement for the transfer of sentenced persons, thus deepening humanitarian cooperation between the two countries.
  • The agreement was signed between External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and Foreign Minister of the Federal Republic of Somalia Yusuf Garaad Omar.

Key Points Of The Development-

  • External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj met Yusuf Garaad Omar, Minister of Foreign Affairs & Intl Cooperation of Somalia on 1st August, 2017.
  • Foreign Minister of the Federal Republic of Somalia Yusuf-Garaad Omar arrived in New Delhi on Monday, 31st July, 2017 on a five-day visit at the invitation of Sushma Swaraj. This is his first visit to India since he assumed office earlier this year.
  • Both the ministers discussed the entire gamut of bilateral relations as well as regional and international issues of mutual interest.
  • Omar also had a meeting with Minister of State for External Affairs M J Akbar. According to the MEA, the Indian Navy has been involved in anti-piracy patrolling in the Gulf of Aden since 2008.
  • India is also a member of the UN Contact Group on Piracy off the coast of Somalia.

Sources- Business-Standard, The New Indian Express.

 

GS Paper III- Disaster Management.

PM Narendra Modi Announces Package Of Rs. 2,350 Crore For Floods In North-East.

Background

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Tuesday, 1st August, 2017 announced a total package of Rs 2,350 crore for all northeastern states hit by floods and immediate release of Rs 250 crore for flood-hit Assam, as he undertook a visit here to assess the situation in the region.
  • He also announced Rs 2 lakh each for the next of kin of those who have lost their lives due to floods in Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura, the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) said.
  • The seriously injured people will get Rs 50,000 each, the PMO said.
  • Regarding Assam, state Finance Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma Sarma said the prime minister announced release of Rs 250 crore immediately to carry out relief and rehabilitation.

Highlights Of The Development-

  • Modi, during his day-long visit to the North-East, met chief ministers of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Nagaland to take stock of the situation arising out of the floods.
  • Mizoram Chief Minister Lal Thanhawla did not come but sent a representation on his behalf.
  • The exact share of different states will be worked out in coming days and will be announced accordingly.
  • In addition to that, the Prime Minister has announced a Rs. 100 crore corpus for setting up a research project to study the Brahmaputra and its role in creating devastating flood.
  • This project will have a high power committee comprising scientists, researchers, engineers. They will study the river and suggest remedies to tackle floods. This will be a long term project.
  • The state finance minister said the prime minister announced release of Rs. 250 crore immediately for Assam. The prime minister had released Rs. 300 crore in June, 2017. The Rs. 250 crore announced on 1st August was in addition to the amount released in June.

Sources- NDTV, The Times Of India.

GS Paper IV- Integrity.

Lt Gen Abhay Krishna Named Chief Of Eastern Command Amid China Border Tensions.

Background

  • Lt. Gen. Abhay Krishna has been appointed as head of the Army’s crucial Eastern Command which guards a major part of Sino-India border including the Sikkim sector where armies of India and China have been locked in a face-off.
  • Lt. Gen. Krishna, who was heading the Army’s South Western Command and has vast experience of the Sikkim sector, succeeds Lt. Gen. Praveen Bakshi, who retired on 31st July, 2017.
  • Lt Gen Abhay Krishna brings with him a great measure of professional competence and vast operational experience, the Army said in a statement.

Other Key Points Of The Development

  • Lt Gen Abhay Krishna has served four tenures along the Line of Actual Control on the northern borders and commanded an infantry battalion in Sikkim.
  • He had also commanded an infantry division and a Corps in the Northeast. Krishna will assume charge of the Eastern command on st August, 2017.
  • He is a gallantry award winner in counter insurgency operations in Manipur and commanded Rashtriya Rifles Battalion in the Kashmir Valley. He had also served two tenures as UN observer in Mozambique and Rawanda and another in Burundi.
  • In December, 2016, Lt. Gen. Bakshi was the front runner for the post of the army chief. However, keeping aside the trend of seniority being the lone criteria, the government appointed Lt Gen Bipin Rawat. Rawat was a batch junior to Lt Gen Bakshi.
  • The military standoff between armies of India and China began on June 16, 2017 when Chinese troops attempted to lay a road in the Dokalam area in the Bhutan-India-China tri-junction. India and China share a 220-km-long border in Sikkim section.

Sources- Livemint.