GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

China To Build Nuclear-Powered Aircraft Carrier Liaoning Within 7 Years.


  • The Chinese Army has announced that Beijing wants to field its first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier Liaoning by the middle of the next decade.
  • The China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation on 27th February, 2018 announced a list of ambitions hope to achieve in weaponry and technical developments for the People’s Liberation Army-Navy by 2025.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • The defence company said it will speed the up the process of making technological breakthroughs in nuclear-powered aircraft carriers, new-type nuclear submarines, quiet submarines, maritime unmanned intelligent confrontation systems, maritime three-dimensional offensive and defensive systems and naval warfare comprehensive electronic information systems.
  • China’s navy has two aircraft carriers running on conventional oil. The French Navy’s flagship, the Charles de Gaulle, is the only non-US aircraft carrier powered by nuclear reactors.
  • Each Nimitz-class and Ford-class carrier in the US Navy is or will be run by nuclear power.

Sources- Business-Standard.

GS Paper II- International Relations.

India, Russia, Bangladesh Sign Pact For Rooppur Atomic Plant.


  • Indian companies can now participate in construction and installation works in the “non-critical” category for the Rooppur nuclear power plant in Bangladesh, Russian atomic energy agency Rosatom said on 1st Narch, 2018.
  • The Rooppur project is the first initiative under an Indo-Russian deal to undertake atomic energy projects in third countries.
  • This will also be the first time Indian companies will be able to participate in a nuclear power project abroad. India is not a member of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) and hence cannot participate directly in construction of atomic power reactors.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • According to Rosatom, India, Bangladesh and Russia on Thursday signed an agreement to allow Indian firms in construction and installation works in the “non-critical” category for the Rooppur nuclear power plant project in northwest Bangladesh.
  • The Memorandum of Understanding, signed in Moscow, sets a framework for interaction of Russian contractor, and Indian and Bangladeshi experts in the implementation of works related to the project.
  • The parties, in particular, will cooperate in personnel training, exchange of experience and consulting support. Russia is constructing two nuclear reactors with a capacity of 1,200 MW each in Rooppur, which will be Bangaladesh’s first nuclear power project.
  • Indian companies can be involved in construction and installation works, the supply of materials and equipment of non-critical category in the interest of the project, Rosatom said in a statement.
  • On the Indian side, the memorandum was signed by Pankaj Saran, the Indian ambassador to Russia. Nikolay Spassky, Rosatom’s deputy director general for international relations, and S.M. Saiful Hoque, Bangladesh’s ambassador to Moscow, signed the pact for their countries respectively.
  • India has a nuclear cooperation agreement with Russia and Bangladesh. The Russian side is building a nuclear power plant in Bangladesh on a “turnkey” basis, which means the contractor will complete the whole project and they will be liable for any problems that arise in the plant. The scope of work includes design, production and supply of equipment, construction, installation, start-up and commissioning.

Sources- Livemint.


GS Paper III- Security.

Bharti Defence Delivers C-162 Interceptor Boat To Coast Guard.


  • Bharati Defence and Infrastructure Ltd. (BDIL), Mangaluru, on 1st March, 2018 delivered an interceptor boat, C-162, to the Indian Coast Guard on its premises in Mangaluru.
  • Sixth in a series of 15 high speed interceptor boats being procured by the ICG, C-162 was launched on January 31 at BDIL and within 28 days, the vessel completed harbour and sea trials successfully achieving speeds more than the contractual limit of 35 knots, said a release from BDIL.

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The 28-m-long vessel has an aluminium hull, weighs about 60 dead-weight tonnage (DWT) and is designed for speeds up to 35 knots. It is fitted with a new generation of Arneson Surface Drive propulsion system and is propelled by two engines of 1,650 KW each. The vessel can accommodate 11 crew and is deployed mainly for patrolling purposes.
  • To be based at ICG’s Kochi unit, the vessel would be commanded by Deputy Commandant Pawan Koyar, while Deputy Commandant Sushant Deshmukh from Coast Guard Refit and Production Team, Goa, is the project officer for this series of vessels.
  • Having handed over the fifth vessel of the series in November 2017, the present handover within about four months has infused new spirits among BDIL staff as the company was admitted to Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process under Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016. The successful delivery of C-162 under severe financial limitations comes as a shot in the arm for the company as it was accomplished on challenging fund constrained situation.
  • BDIL has got a committed team of technical officers and skilled employees through whom it is confident of delivering the remaining vessels of the series, the release added.

Sources- The Hindu.