GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

11th World Congress On Adolescent Health Held In New Delhi.

Background-

  • Home to around 253 million adolescents, India hosted the World Congress on Adolescent Health this year from October 27-29, 2017.
  • Billed as the biggest global event in adolescent health, it is held once every four years and the International Association for Adolescent Healths 11th World Congress was organised on the theme – “Investing in Adolescent Health? the Future is Now”.
  • The world is home to 1.2 billion adolescents, and India has the largest population of adolescents in the world — 253 million — with every fifth in the world being an Indian and every second being an Asian.

 

Highlights Of The Development–

  • When IAAH started in Australia 30 years ago as a resource to help build capacities in the field of adolescent health, it had people only from high-income countries, but now there is participation from across the world.
  • Over 1,000 delegates from 65 countries across the world shared their experiences and learnings during the conference.
  • The World Congress seeks to cover issues like Global adolescent health: Opportunities and challenge, toward a gendered approach to adolescent health, Mental health and adolescents and Social media, sexting, addiction, Adolescent Health in the Digital Age etc.
  • There were debates on topics, including the need for parents consent in their child’s clinical care or participation in health research and the role of brain imaging in adolescent care and health promotion.
  • Dr Sunil Mehra, Executive Director, MAMTA Health Institute for Mother and Child, said that it is an appropriate time to choose India as the venue for the conference since the country is faced with challenges such as early marriage, early pregnancies, malnutrition and obesity and violence.
  • The event was organised with the support of the Ministry of Health and MAMTA Health Institute for Mother and Child is hosting the World Congress with a consortium of partners.

Sources- Indiatoday.

 

GS Paper II- International Relations.

India And US Hold 11th Trade Policy Forum Meeting In Washington D.C. On October 26TH, 2017.

Background

  • The 11th Trade Policy Forum (TPF) Meeting was held in Washington D.C. on 26th October 2017.
  • The Minister for Commerce and Industry, Shri Suresh Prabhu had productive discussions with the United States Trade Representative, Ambassador Robert Lighthizer and his team in a cordial, friendly and positive manner. The Minister for Commerce and Industry noted that the TPF serves as a robust platform that contributes towards promoting bilateral trade and investment between India and the US.
  • During the meeting, discussions were held on issues related to bilateral trade between the two countries, areas of mutual cooperation, market access in agriculture, non-agricultural goods and services and Intellectual Property Rights (IPR).

Highlights Of The Development-

  • Prabhu pointed out that as the Indian economy grows, and with the renewed emphasis on reviving US manufacturing, there will be greater opportunities for US exports to India. In this context, he pointed out that India has already started to import crude oil and new Liquefied Natural Gas exports are expected to commence early 2018. Indian aviation companies such as Spicejet and Jet Airways have placed orders for over 300 aircrafts. The Minister for Commerce and Industry noted that these developments will go a long way in fulfilling Prime Minister Modi and President Trump’s desire to have a free, fair and balanced trade between India and the US.
  • Both Ambassador Lighthizer and the Minister for Commerce and Industry welcomed these positive developments and reiterated the growth potential for bilateral trade. On market access in areas of interest to each other, the Minister for Commerce and Industry noted progress on issues like ground handling operations, import regulations relating to poultry, export of pork to India, that have been raised by the US side. He also sought easing of procedure for export of Indian mangoes and pomegranates and market access for table grapes from India.
  • The Minister strongly took up the Indian concern with regard to problems faced by Indian services companies in obtaining H-1B and L-1 visas. He requested the US to ease the movement of skilled professionals, which has over the years contributed towards making US companies more competitive. He also took up the issue of mismatch between U.S. visa and U.S. social security regimes, wherein Indian professionals making social security contributions do not receive their due benefits upon their return to India. He urged the United States to revisit its position and work towards achieving a totalisation agreement
  • The Minister also highlighted the series of economic reforms undertaken by Prime Minister Modi, such as Goods and Services Tax, Make in India, Startup India and ‘Fund of Funds for Startups’ (FFS), Digital India, e-commerce, promoting innovation and entrepreneurship, FDI reforms, improved business and investment climate which have led to significant investment inflows into India.
  • The Minister also sought the support of the U.S. to India’s proposal on the Trade Facilitation in Services Agreement which has been tabled by India at the WTO.

Sources- Press Information Bureau.

 

GS Paper III- Technology.

Cabinet Approves Rs 7,000 Crore For Construction Of Six IIT Campuses.

Background

  • The Union Cabinet has approved over Rs 7,000 crore for the construction of permanent campuses of six new Indian Institute of Technology (IITs) across the country.
  • Each of the permanent campuses to be established at Tirupati (Andhra Pradesh), Palakkad (Kerala), Dharwad (Karnataka), Jammu (Jammu and Kashmir), Bhilai (Chhattisgarh) and Goa.
  • These will have a facility for housing 1,200 students from the academic year 2020-2021.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • Currently, these institutions are functioning from temporary campuses with a total strength of 1,530 students.
  • After the construction of the campuses, this strength will go up to 7,200.
  • The Union Cabinet on October 24, 2017 approved the plan worth Rs 7,002 crore for the construction of permanent campuses for six new IITs, to be completed by March 31, 2020.
  • Academic sessions of the IITs at Tirupati and Palakkad started in 2015-16 and at Dharwad, Bhilai, Jammu and Goa in 2016-17 from their respective temporary campuses.
  • According to the Detailed Project Report (DPR), a sum of about Rs 20,304 crore was required for the construction of the permanent campuses over a period of seven years.
  • The latest amount approved by the Cabinet is for the first phase.

Sources- Indiatoday.