GS Paper II- International Relations.

Indian, Korean Coast Guards Hold Joint Exercise Off Chennai Coast.

Background

  • Korean Coast Guard ship ‘BADARO’ took part in Indo-Korean joint anti-piracy, search and rescue exercise ‘SAHYOG-HYEOBLYEOG 2018’ off the Chennai coast on 6th April, 2018.
  • Along with the Korean ship, Indian Coast Guard ships and an aircraft took part in the exercise.
  • As part of the exercise, ships of the Indian Coast Guard and the Korean vessel undertook tactical manoeuvres and “drills” to counter piracy and carry out maritime law enforcement tasks off Chennai coast, an official release said.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The release said that the exercise demonstrated a scenario in which RECAAP — a focal point in Korea — reported loss of communication with cargo vessel South Korean flag — MV Hyun Tau and it was indicated that the vessel has been hijacked by pirates.
  • Subsequently Korean Coast Guard ship ‘Badaro’ in Bay of Bengal was alerted.
  • Indian Coast Guard deployed a Dornier aircraft to carry out sea-air coordinated search along with ICG Shaurya, Rani Abbakka, C-423, C-431, the release said.
  • Director General of Indian Coast Guard Rajendra Singh and Commissioner of Korean Coast Guard General Park Kyung reviewed the exercise.
  • With the conduct of the exercise, Coast Guard has reaffirmed its dependability for maritime security, the release said.

Sources- Business-Standard.

 

GS Paper III- Technology.

Railways Introduces Dynamic Tamping Express Machines For Track Maintenance.

Background

  • The Indian Railway introduced latest integrated track maintenance technology by way of inducting three numbers of 09-3X Dynamic Tamping Express machines.
  • These machines were inaugurated and flagged off by M.K. Gupta, Member Engineering, Railway Board at Faridabad.
  • According to Railway Ministry, the 09-3X Dynamic Tamping Express machines have been manufactured under Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ambitious ‘Make in India’ initiative.
  • Imported components have been used to manufacture the machines.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • In the next six months, seven 09-3X Dynamic Tamping Express machines are likely to be included in the present fleet of 874 track maintenance machines over Indian Railways for deployment on heavy density routes.
  • The New 09-3X- Dynamic Tamping Express cost about Rs. 27crore each is a latest high output integrated tamping machine having multiple functions, so far being carried out by different machines.
  • It can measure pre and post track geometry, correct the track to required geometry, can tamp three sleepers simultaneously, stabilize and measure post tamping track parameters under load to ensure quality of work done.
  • This eliminates the need for a separate stabilisation machine which reduces operating costs and track possession time.

Sources- Business-Standard.

 

GS Paper IV- Ethics.

Union Cabinet Approves Amendments To Protection Of Human Rights Bill.

Background

  • The Union Cabinet on 4th April, 2018 approved amendments to the human rights protection bill for better protection and promotion of human rights in the country, a statement said.
  • The Protection of Human Rights (Amendments) Bill, 2018, was cleared in a Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
  • The statement said the amendment bill proposes to enlarge the scope of eligibility and scope of selection of chairperson of National Human Rights Commission as well as the State Human Rights Commissions.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The Bill also aims at to incorporate a mechanism to look after the cases of human rights violation in the union territories.
  • The bill proposes to amend the terms of office of chairperson and members of National Human Rights Commission and State Human Rights Commissions to make (them) in consonance with the terms of chairperson and members of other commissions.
  • The statement claimed that the amendment would “strengthen” the human rights institutions for effective discharge of their mandates, roles and responsibilities.
  • It would also bring India’s human rights law in perfect sync with the agreed global standards and benchmarks towards ensuring the rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual in the country, the statement added.

Sources- Business-Standard.