GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

Kazuo Ishiguro Wins The Nobel Prize In Literature 2017.

Background-

  • The British author Kazuo Ishiguro said he was both honoured and “taken completely by surprise” after he was named this year’s winner of the 2017 Nobel prize in literature.
  • Ishiguro, author of novels including The Remains of the Day and Never Let Me Go, was praised by the Swedish Academy for novels which “uncovered the abyss beneath our illusory sense of connection with the world” and were driven by a “great emotional force”.
  • Despite being among those tipped for the prize, whose previous winners include Seamus Heaney, Toni Morrison, Doris Lessing and Pablo Neruda, Ishiguro said he had been completely unprepared for the announcement and had even doubted at first if it was true.

 

 

Highlights Of The Development–

  • Ishiguro, who was born in Nagasaki in Japan but moved to the UK when he was five, said he was “tremendously proud” to receive the award and emphasised how much he hoped it would be a force for good at a time of global instability.
  • With names including Margaret Atwood, Ngugi Wa Thiong’o and Haruki Murakami leading the odds at the bookmakers, Ishiguro was a surprise choice and he admitted one of his first thoughts had jumped to fellow living authors he felt were equally deserving of a Nobel.
  • Ishiguro studied creative writing at the University of East Anglia, going on to publish his first novel, A Pale View of the Hills, in 1982. He has been a full-time writer ever since. According to the Academy, the themes of “memory, time and self-delusion” weave through his work, particularly in The Remains of the Day, which won Ishiguro the Booker prize in 1989 and was adapted into a film starring Anthony Hopkins as the “duty-obsessed” butler Stevens.
  • The Nobel prize for literature comes with winnings of 9m Swedish krona (£832,000).
  • The 2016 literature prize went to American songwriter Bob Dylan, and the previous year’s (2015) to Belarusian journalist Svetlana Alexievich.
  • Of the 114 laureates honoured since the prize was first awarded to France’s Sully Prudhomme in 1901, only 14 are women.

Sources- The Guardian.

 

GS Paper II- International Relations.

India To Help Strengthen Myanmar’s Women Police Force, Pact Approved.

Background

  • In a meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the Cabinet provided ex-post facto approval to the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Myanmar on upgradation of the Women’s Police Training Centre at Yamethin, Myanmar.
  • The MoU covers upgradation of the Yamethin Women’s Police Training Centre to further augment the capabilities of the Myanmar Government to build capacities of its police force with technical and financial assistance from Government of India. The MoU was signed on 6th September, 2017.

 

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • Myanmar shares a long land border of over 1600 Km with India as well as a maritime boundary in the Bay of Bengal. Both countries share a heritage of religious, linguistic and ethnic ties. Myanmar has a substantial population of Indian origin.
  • Further, Myanmar is India’s gateway to South East Asia and ASEAN with which India is seeking greater economic integration through India’s ‘Look East’ and ‘Act East’ Policy. Myanmar also offers India an alternative access route to the Northeast.
  • Apart from supply of pulses, possibilities of energy supply from offshore blocks in Myanmar and business opportunities that emerging from an opening economy underpin bilateral relations.
  • India and Myanmar signed a trade agreement in 1970. Bilateral trade has been growing steadily reaching USD 1571.95 million in 2014-15 (Exports to Myanmar USD 773.74 million and Imports from Myanmar USD 1016.86 million) and India is the fourth largest trade partner of Myanmar but trade remains below potential.

Sources- News Bharati.

 

GS Paper III- Environment, Economic Development.

India’s Renewable Energy To Be Double By 2022, Overtake EU Expansion: I

Background

  • India’s renewable energy capacity will more than double by 2022, which would be enough to overtake renewable expansion in the European Union for the first time, International Energy Agency (IEA) said in a report.
  • The country’s renewable energy installed capacity is 58.30 GW as per the recent government data. The government has an ambitious target of raising it to 175 GW by 2022 including 100 GW of solar and 60 GW of wind energy.
  • “This growth is enough to overtake renewable expansion in the European Union for the first time,” IEA said in its latest renewables market analysis and forecast.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • IEA said the solar PV and wind together represent 90 per cent of India’s capacity growth as auctions yielded some of the world’s lowest prices for both technologies.
  • Earlier in 2017, the solar and wind power tariffs dropped to all time low of Rs2.44 per unit and Rs3.46 per unit in tariff based competitive bidding conducted by Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI). IEA said India’s move to address the financial health of its utilities and tackle grid-integration issues drive a more optimistic forecast.
  • The analysis noted that China remains the undisputed leader of renewable electricity capacity expansion over the forecast period with over 360 GW of capacity coming online, or 40% of the global total. It said China’s renewables’ growth is largely driven by concerns about air pollution and capacity targets that were outlined in the country’s 13th five-year plan to 2020.
  • In fact, China already exceeded its 2020 solar PV target three years ahead of time and is set to achieve its onshore wind target in 2019. Still, the growing cost of renewable subsidies and grid integration issues remain two important challenges to further expansion, it added. IEA said boosted by a strong solar PV market, renewables accounted for almost two-thirds of net new power capacity around the world last year, with almost 165 GW coming online.
  • Renewables will continue to have a strong growth in coming years. By 2022, renewable electricity capacity should increase by 43%, the report said. Fatih Birol, the executive director of IEA said that they see renewables growing by about 1,000 GW by 2022, which equals about half of the current global capacity in coal power, which took 80 years to build.
  • The electric vehicles play a complementary role to biofuels, which represent 80% of growth in renewable energy consumption in transport. However, it said the share of renewables in total road transport energy consumption remains limited, increasing only from 4% in 2016 to almost 5% in 2022.

Sources- Livemint.