GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

Six Countries Enter United Nations Security Council.


  • Equatorial Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kuwait, Peru, Poland and the Netherlands formally joined the ranks of the non-permanent members of the United Nations Security Council on 2nd January, 2018 to make a difference, the body’s president said.
  • Peace and security are difficult to achieve, Kazakh envoy Kairat Umarov, who took the rotating presidency in January, 2018, told council members at a special ceremony.
  • One after the other, ambassadors representing the council’s six new member countries — five men and a woman, Polish envoy Joanna Wronecka — placed their flag among those of the body’s nine other members.

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The UN Security Council has 15 members, including five with permanent seats who have the power to veto resolutions — Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States.
  • Three women and 12 men are among the 15 ambassadors who will soon be seated at the U-shaped table in the center of the Security Council’s chamber.
  • In addition to Wronecka and US envoy Nikki Haley, Karen Pierce will take her seat later this month as Britain’s new ambassador.
  • The six countries who left the UN Security Council on December 31, 2017 are Egypt, Italy, Japan, Senegal, Ukraine and Uruguay.

Sources- The New Indian Express.


GS Paper II- Governance.

Health Ministry And Tata Memorial Centre Launch First Digital Online Oncology Tutorial.


  • Doctors, including gynaecologists, dentists and general physicians, across the country can now have access to online training on the basics of oncology detection to help in early identification and diagnosis of cancer.
  • The Health Ministry launched the country’s first digital online oncology tutorial series on 4th January, 2018 designed in collaboration with the Tata Memorial Centre.
  • The series is aimed at educating doctors in early detection, prevention, palliation, rehabilitation and treatment of various forms of cancers.

Highlights Of The Development-

  • This is part of a national programme that will be rolled out across the country by Tata Memorial Centre in collaboration with state governments.
  • This is a visionary step that will leverage advances in IT to strengthen health outreach and health services in the country, said Preeti Sudan, Secretary, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, at the inaugural function.
  • The initiative will help the doctors upgrade their knowledge and skills regularly thereby taking care of obsolescence, save many precious lives and improve the quality of life of many more.
  • The overall course, designed for seven weeks, will equip doctors with the skills and knowledge on the basics of oncology to detect, diagnose and refer cancer cases early.
  • It comprises 14 hours of comprehensive e-learning through more than 40 video lectures, case studies, assessment questionnaires and periodic interactive webinar sessions with the respective consultants of Tata Memorial Hospital.
  • The online video lectures are also designed to update oncologists with the evidence-based guidelines and skill for the management of cancer.

Sources- The Hindu Business Line.

GS Paper III- Environment.

26th World Book Fair Held In New Delhi With Focus On Environment.


  • Burning environment issues like climate change, global warming, and water pollution will be the main theme for this year’s New Delhi World Book Fair.
  • With ‘Environment and Climate Change’ as its main theme, the 26th edition of the annual book fair, is being held in New Delhi at Pragati Maidan from January 6, 2018.
  • Organised by National Book Trust, in association with ITPO, the event’s Theme Pavillion has an international rights exhibition of nearly 500 titles published in English, Hindi, and other Indian languages.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • During the fair, discussions, conversation with authors and environmentalists will be organised where the experts will discuss ways through which environment can be saved from further deterioration.
  • This year’s book fair will host European Union as the Guest of Honour Country. The specially designed EU pavillion will showcase the rich and dynamic European culture and literature.
  • The EU member States will exhibit publications in English and other European languages.
  • The fair will also witness panel discussions, talks, workshops, children’s activities, screening of short films, special photo exhibits as well as cultural and musical performances.
  • Apart from the EU nations, more than 40 countries including Belgium, Canada, China, Denmark, Egypt, France, Germany, Pakistan and United Kingdom will participate in the book fair.
  • In author’s corner, visitors can get to interact with some of the well-known writers like Ruskin Bond, Jerry Pinto, Michael Creighton, Paro Anand, Mridula Garg and Ranjit Lal among others.
  • The author interactions will be held at five ‘Author’s Corners’ in ‘Reflections’ (Hall 11), ‘Conversations’ (Hangar over lake), ‘International Events Corner (Hall 7A), ‘Lekhak Manch’ (Hall 12-12A), and ‘Sahitya Manch’ (Hall 8).

Sources- Outlook India.