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GS Paper I- Indian Heritage, Culture and History.

August 15, 2017 To Be Celebrated As ‘Sankalp Parva’: Govt.

Background-

  • The Centre has decided to observe this Independence Day (15th August, 2017) as ‘Sankalp Parva’ and asked the people to dedicate themselves to social causes and share their ideas to make a new India.
  • The 70th Independence Day on August 15 to be celebrated as the ‘Sankalp Parva’, the Ministry of Personnel said in an order.
  • Terming ‘Quit India Movement’ as an important milestone, the government has asked people to take a pledge to create a new India that is strong, prosperous and inclusive.

 

 

What is Important –

  • The Quit India Movement or ‘August Kranti’ began on August 9, 1942. Under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, people across India, in every village, city, transcending all barriers came together with a common mission to uproot imperialism.
  • As the nation would be observing 75th anniversary of the Quit India Movement this year, five years from now i.e. in August 2022, the nation will complete 75 years as an independent nation, the order said.
  • It added this five-year period, from 2017-2022, gives us an unique opportunity of ‘Sankalp’ to ‘Siddhi’ towards a new India. Hence, August 15, 2017 be celebrated as the ‘Sankalp Parva’ or the Day of Resolve, and in 2022 our nation will transform that resolve into ‘Siddhi’ or attainment.
  • The release also noted that this five-year period can ignite the transformation that will create an India, which our freedom fighters will be proud of.
  • During his ‘Mann Ki Baat’ programme, the prime minister had said that in this month of August, 2017 the month of the Quit India Movement, let us come together and resolve: Dirt-Quit India; Poverty-Quit India; Corruption-Quit India; Terrorism- Quit India; Casteism-Quit India; Communalism-Quit India!
  • The order said, “In this spirit, let us go to www.newIndia.in, to make the Sankalp, take a pledge to become a builder of new India. Let us also encourage others to do the same.” The text of the pledge will be shared by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.

Sources- Hindustantimes.

 

GS Paper II- Governance.

NCRB Merged With Bureau Of Police Research And Development.

Background

  • The three-decade old National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) has been merged with another central police organisation — the BPRD — by the government on 4th August, 2017 with an aim to improve efficiency of development works related to policing.
  • The Union home ministry on 4 August issued an order on the merger in order to “improve administrative efficiency and optimal utilisation of resources“.
  • The Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPRD) chief Meeran C Borwankar said the merger will boost crime data collection and research efforts of the two organisations.

 

Key Points Of The Development-

  • The BPRD Director General (DG) will be the head of the merged new entity, where the NCRB Director, an Additional DG will report to the former.
  • The NCRB was created in 1986 as the central police organisation to collect crime data, on various parameters, from across all the states of the country.
  • The BPRD, created in 1970, is the national police organisation to study, research and develop on subjects and issues related to policing. Both the organisations function under the Union home ministry.
  • PR&D has been given charge of NCRB so that there is more research based and methodological data collection in future as data collection by NCRB as of now was that of taken from states and sometimes inaccurate.
  • It was felt that if the researchers of BPR&D, which conducts its own researches and commissions many to private institutes/bodies to study the crime patterns, policing and other related aspects, and statisticians of NCRB work together, there will be more accurate and research based data collection.
  • The merger means that the Director NCRB and all its staff will now report to Meera C Borwankar, DG of BPR&D but administrative matters of both the bodies will be handled directly by home ministry itself.
  • NCRB’s data on crimes against women, particularly rapes, has shaped government’s policies on safety of women in last few years, especially after December 16, 2012 Nirbhaya gangrape case.
  • BPR&D, which was constituted to directly participate in police functions and suggest reforms, and NCRB will now jointly foster partnership with universities, researchers, NGOs and public to have robust data on crime, police, courts and prisons.

Sources- The Times Of India, Firstpost.

 

GS Paper III- Security.

Govt Declares Entire Assam As ‘Disturbed’ Area Under AFSPA For Another Month.

Background

  • The Centre has declared entire Assam as a “disturbed” area under the controversial Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) for one more month, citing various violent activities by insurgent groups ULFA, NDFB, and others.
  • The Union home ministry also declared Meghalaya’s border areas adjoining Assam, and three districts in Arunachal Pradesh as “disturbed” under the AFSPA for two more months with effect from August 3, 2017.
  • In separate gazette notifications, the home ministry said the entire Assam, has been declared “disturbed” under the AFSPA with effect from August 3 till August 31, 2017.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The ministry said the 20 km belt in Meghalaya bordering Assam will also continue to be a “disturbed area” under the AFSPA with effect from August 3 to September 30, 2017.
  • It has also declared as “disturbed” under the AFSPA three districts of Arunachal Pradesh — Tirap, Changlang and Longding – and areas falling within the jurisdiction of 14 police stations in nine other districts of the state with effect from August 4 to September 30, 2017.
  • The 14 police stations fall under the districts of Papumpare, West Siang, East Siang, Lower Dibang Valley, East Kameng, West Kameng, Namsai, Lohit district, Lower Subansiri in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • A home ministry official said there were 75 incidents of violence in Assam in 2016 in which 33 people, including four security personnel, were killed and 14 others were abducted.
  • The incidents of violence were perpetrated in Assam by insurgent groups like ULFA, NDFB and others, the official said.
  • AFSPA has been continuing in Assam since November 1990.
  • The official said that continuing violence perpetrated by NSCN(IM), NSCN(K), ULFA, NDFB, and others were key reasons for continuing with AFSPA in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • The AFSPA has been in force in the three Arunachal Pradesh districts of Tirap, Changlang and Longding since January, 2016.
  • Meghalaya too has been witnessing violence by ULFA, NDFB militants in the recent past.

Sources- Hindustantimes.