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13 JUNE, 2017 (MAINS)



Q1.  According to Plato, morality is not an innate quality or contingent gift of Nature. Rather, he believes that moral beings are made through education. Do you agree with this statement? (200 words)


Please write the answer in comments section

  • Osho Korde

    Plato was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens

    • Plato’s theory of virtue follows the Socratic doctrine. He identifies virtue with knowledge. From this it follows that virtue is teachable, and that men can learn morality just as they can learn any other subject. Morality is not an innate quality or a contingent gift of nature. Moral beings are not born but made through education.
    • Plato makes a fourfold division of morals and associates them with different parts of the soul. The four virtues are wisdom or prudence, valour, temperance and justice.
    • Wisdom or prudence is virtue of reason. Wisdom is the directing or measuring virtue.
    • Valour is the virtue of spirit, Valour preserves the rational intelligence which is often beset with anxieties in its struggle against pain and pleasure desire and fear.
    • biological appetites is necessary to control their propensity toward excess.
    • Temperance regulates human passions and signifies the submission of non-rational elements to reason.
    • Justice refers to the harmonious functioning of the related elements of the soul- the appetitive the spirited and the rational.
    • He thought education is most necessary, and morals can be taught by using religion. By reciting religious stories to kids and enduring them with moral values.
    • Education helps person to develop morally, materially and personally.

    Therefore, Plato is right with his statement that morality can be learned by educating oneself.