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01 JUNE, 2017 (MAINS)



Q1.  Can India solve its issues of poverty and hunger by using ethics? Analyze. (200 words)

Please write the answer in comments section

  • Ashish

    Poverty is caused due to unavailability of opportunities to unleash one’s potential and earn a living
    Similarly hunger is caused due to unavailability of food at affordable rates to meet one’s nutritional requirements.
    Although both have materialistic dimensions nevertheless philosophical perspective is equally important.
    If we use ethics it can help us to
    AT Systemic level
    Framing legislations which are consistent with the requirements of the downtrodden sections of the society
    Corruption mars the chance of a person getting equal opportunity. Corruption in PDS etc foil the direct intervention of the state in assuaging the hunger of the poor people.
    The falling ethical standards are held to be one of the reasons for widespread corruption and by corollary for poverty and hunger
    So any escalation of ethical standard will certainly bring about change in levels of poverty and hunger

    At Individual level
    By appealing to one’s deeper self voluntary activities can be encouraged. Sharing our food and extra things with those in need has always been a part of our cultural value
    Though ethics is essential to fight the ravaging hunger and poverty in our country it alone will not suffice. It has to be backed up with a sound legislative and executive framework coupled with increasing the efficiency of existing programmes.

  • Osho Korde

    But there are millions of other people who could help – so why should I?
    • The problem starts here, with, such a thinking and less awareness within citizens.

    If we are living comfortably while others are hungry or dying from easily preventable diseases, and we are doing nothing about it, there is something wrong with our behaviour.

    If it is in our power to prevent something bad from happening, without thereby sacrificing anything of comparable moral importance, we ought, morally, to do it.:
    • ‘Sacrifice’ here means without causing anything else comparably bad to happen, or doing something that is wrong in itself, or failing to promote some moral good, comparable in significance to the bad thing that we can prevent
    • for example: if I am walking past a shallow pond and see a child drowning in it, I ought to wade in and pull the child out. This may ruin my clothes but that would be insignificant while the death of the child would be very bad.

    India can use ethics in:
    1. spreading awareness among administration and citizens as well.
    2. Making it mandatory to use as per your minimum requirement and to share the remaining with the needy.
    3. Acting as per our constitution (to strive to achieve Equality and Justice among all)
    4. Education, opportunity and reforming laws according to situation is necessary now.

    It’s a collective responsibility of government and citizens as well