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02 JUNE, 2017 (MAINS)



Q1.  Has the patriarchal nature of Indian society been one of the reasons behind the very slow rate of reduction in the poverty ratio? Illustrate. (200 words)


Please write the answer in comments section

  • Osho Korde

    • Indian social fabric is highly patriarchal which has left women significantly exploited and discriminated. If caste based biases work only outside home in the open society, the discrimination against women operates both in and out of homes. Not only men always get preference in every walk of life, their attitude towards women is largely patronizing and imposing.
    • It is their lack of awareness or access to family planning tools and early marriage of girls and their early child bearing, which ultimately have led to high population;
    • lower education and lack of freedom has resulted in low participation in societal processes. All these factors are enough to feed and sustain poverty.
    • For poor families, more hands mean more labor which lead to more income for the family, and which is possible only if a male child is born (because due to prejudiced mindset that females are weaker than males)
    For example. A family keeps on giving birth to a child, till they don’t get a male child, and then it results in having more females in family and less no. male child for the family. As they don’t let the females get education, jobs, and tell them to stick to household chores, the dependency level increases among family leading to poverty and more population.

    But there is still a possibility of huge population in developing countries if properly managed can be proved to be an asset.