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04 MAY, 2017 (MAINS)



Q1. What do you mean by “environmental ethics”? Why are ‘environmental ethics’ important? Discuss an environmental issue in India with reference to environmental ethics. (200 words)


Please write the answer in comments section

  • Kamlesh Twari

    Environmental ethics concerns human beings’ ethical relationship with the natural environment. It elaborates the issue on surrounding societal attitudes, actions, and policies to protect and sustain biodiversity and ecological systems. It is categorize into three parts Libertarian, Ecologic and conservation extension.
    1. Need for preserving the environment and provide quality life to humans because Environmental needs are of more importance than human needs.
    2. Maintaining the environmental and biological balance.
    3. To learn that we should maintain a harmonious relationship with other species also.
    4. Control on global warming and depletion of resources.
    5. How the flora, fauna and other species overwhelmed by man-made developments.
    The Role of Ethics in Environmentally Sustainable Development (a major issue)
    • Means of evolving sensible development for the sake of our future and ourselves.
    • We must produce more, better and faster; make & using profit. Environmental education is another culture. We need a new system of values, a system of the organic unity between mankind and nature and the ethic of global responsibility.
    • Addressing that ethnobotany can play in environmental conservation through the proper protection, propagation and greater facilitation of botanic gardens. This ethical foundation is a fundamental prerequisite to action.
    • Internationally recognized ethical principles valuing human rights and must be avowing the value of the natural environment.

  • Osho Korde

    • Meaning of environment ethics:
    Environmental ethics is the discipline in philosophy that studies the moral relationship of human beings to environment, and also the value and moral status of, the environment and its non-human contents.
    Human beings are a part of the environment and so are the other living beings.

    • Importance of environmental ethics:
    Environmental Ethics is important because its study forces people to consider how their actions affect others and the environment. When people realize their effect, they are more likely to take steps to change uncomfortable behaviors; for instance, they may decide to recycle, to be compassionate towards animals, or to be an advocate for wilderness preservation.

    • Environmental issue in India:
    The Environmental issues in India are huge. Whether it’s the rapidly dropping water tables, mass deforestation, land degradation or river contamination, India has it all and on a massive scale.

    • Indian constitution in regards to environment:
    Article48-A: State shall endeavor to protect and improve environment and to safeguard forest and wildlife of the country
    Article51-A(g): It is the duty of every citizen of India to protect and improve natural environment including forest, lake and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures.

  • Ashish

    Environmental Ethics is the part of environmental philosophy which considers extending the traditional boundaries of ethics from solely including humans to including the non-human world
    There are many ethical decisions that human beings make with respect to the environment For instance:
    Should we continue to clear forests for the sake of human consumption? Should we continue to make fossil fuel powered vehicles?
    Following issues occupies environmental ethics:
    • Ecocentrism: nature-centred system of values
    • Biocentrism: Extends inherent value to all living things
    • Conservation ethics: Ethics of resource use allocation protection etc
    Post-industrial revolution due to large scale changes to the natural environment made by man, Environmental ethics has gained a lot of importance due to:
    • Excessive exploitation of resources: It is feared that at the current rate of consumption our mineral resources may get exploited in around half a century
    • Pollution: Air water and Soil pollution on account of anthropogenic activities. It has severely contaminated our ecosystems and lead to severe diseases ranging from asthma to cancer as a result
    • Widespread deforestation resulting in reduction in biodiversity with extinction of some of the species and many others being critically endangered
    • Reduced capacity of environment to support livelihoods of people.

    The construction of dams to generate power and irrigate fields can be cited as an important ethical issue in India. However often there is large destruction of forests, as many of the dams are located in hilly regions, which also destroy the habitat of the animals living in these forests.
    So we have Environmental Impact Assessment studies to assess the potential advantages and losses accruing on account of such projects