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05 AUGUST, 2017 (MAINS)



Q1. Several reasons are attributed to the decline in the number of girls in India – neglect of the girl child, high maternal mortality, female infanticide and now, female foeticide. How can this be transformed? Suggest some measures to improve sex ratio in India. (200 words)


Please write the answer in comments section

  • Osho Korde

    Government has adopted a multi-pronged strategy entailing schemes, programmes, and awareness generation/advocacy measures, to build a positive environment to save and protect the girl child through gender sensitive policies, provision and legislation.
    Further, under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and within its umbrella the Reproductive and Child HealthProgramme, many interventions have been launched to improve sex ratio.

    Schemes to combat the problem of sex ratio

    Due to the declining sex ratio, the government has introduced certain schemes to tackle the issue.

    Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao – This is one of the important campaign introduced by the government led by Narendra Modi to generate awareness and improve the efficiency of the welfare services meant for women.

    Sukanya Samriddhi Account – This scheme has been notified by the Ministry of Finance on 2 December, 2014. The initiative aims at opening a new account for the girl child. The account can be operated by her after the age of 10.

    The Girl Child Protection Scheme – The scheme is aimed at preventing the gender discrimination by protecting the rights of the girl child.

    Aapki Beti, Humari Beti – Haryana has the lowest sex ratio in India. To cope up with this issue, the Haryana government launched this scheme. A sum of Rs 21000 would be deposited by the state government in the account of every new born girl.

    PCPNDT Act: The Indian government has passed Pre-Conception and Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) (PCPNDT) Act in 2004 to ban and punish prenatal sex screening and female foeticide. It is currently illegal in India to determine or disclose sex of the foetus to anyone.