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08 AUGUST, 2017 (MAINS)



Q1. There is a rising debate in India on law versus tradition. It is believed by many that cultural traditions need to pass the test of law. Explain your interpretation of this with examples. (200 words)


Please write the answer in comments section

  • Osho Korde

    Superstition in India is considered a widespread social problem. Superstition refers to any belief or practice which is explained by supernatural causality, and is in contradiction to modern science. Some beliefs and practices, which are considered superstitious by some, may not be considered so by others. The gap, between what is superstitious and what is not, widens even more when considering the opinions of the general public and scientists.

    Superstitions are usually attributed to a lack of education. But, in India educated people have also been observed following beliefs that may be considered superstitious. The literacy rate of India, according to the 2011 census is at 74%. The beliefs and practices vary from region to region, with many regions having their own specific beliefs. The practices may range from harmless lemon-and-chilli totems for warding off evil eye to serious concerns like witch-burning. Some of these beliefs and practices are centuries old and are considered part of the tradition and religion, as a result introduction of new prohibitory laws often face opposition.

    Though, Indian judiciary has imposed many laws against the superstitious practices like sati, underage marriages, human sacrifices, beef ban, etc.

    But however, these are still being practiced, but some cases are due to lack of awareness among the law breakers. Therefore, more awareness programmes are needed to stop these practices, people need to know the scientific and ethical reasons behind these laws imposed.

    People change and the law too has to walk hand in hand with the time and law should be modified according to change. And at this stage there is no need for cultural traditions which tarnishes the principles of constitution. Though there are many cultural traditions which are beneficiary for the moral values, such traditional laws are nourishing and can be followed.

    Therefore, there should be distillation of these two.