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08 MAY, 2017 (MAINS)

TODAYS ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM GS-IV

 

Q1. How does ethics contribute to social and human well-being? Explain. (150 Words)

 

Please write the answer in comments section

  • Kamlesh Twari

    • Humans live in a complex society with the ultimate aim of attaining a state of well-being and happiness. To achieve this, s/he has to negotiate with the many challenges and obstacles that are inherent in any social setup.
    • Ethics can play an important role in terms of human well-being realizing being oneself. If the human being can learn to develop the disciplined mind thoughts automatically takes shape. When the human beings thoughts are in the right direction the welfare of the well-being society is always wealthy. In this, ways the ethics can contribute to social and human being.
    • Being responsible citizens to this world we can’t harm the environment and it’s our duty to protect and preserve the biodiversity.
    Social values are at stake, rules to be followed, duties to be implied and accountability, transparency and integrity has to be maintained. And should focus on solidarity, equity, cooperation, sense of justice, responsibility and fundamental duties should be followed & inculcated by every individual, making the society “egalitarian”.
    • Human values contribute to the, empathy sympathy, kindness and righteousness when followed give a sense of belongingness and mental satisfaction to individual.
    • Individual behavior, moral behavior, prevention of power abuse, fairness and justice, equality of treatment etc. under human well-being.

  • Osho Korde

    *Ethics means moral principles that govern a person’s behavior or the conducting of an activity.

    *Contribution of ethics in Social well-being:
    • In recent years, there have been efforts to broaden the scope of ethical analysis in health care to focus more directly on public-health issues.
    • It has provided a moral map- a framework that we can use to find our way through difficult issues.
    • Ethics is about the ‘other’- at the heart of ethics is a concern about something or someone other than ourselves and our own desires and self-interest
    • Ethics is source of group strength

    *Contribution of ethics in human well-being:
    • Ethics covers the following dilemmas:
    1. How to live a good life
    2. Our rights and responsibilities
    3. The language of right and wrong
    4. Moral decisions- what is good and bad?
    • For example- human beings often behave irrationally – they follow their ‘gut instinct’. Even when their head suggests a different course of action. However, ethics does provide good tools for thinking about moral issues
    • Ethics can pinpoint a disagreement
    • Ethics is searching for the source of right and wrong

    “A man without ethics is a wild best loosed upon this world”

  • Ashish

    Ethics refers to the set of standards that a society places on itself and which helps guide behaviour choices and actions.
    Ethics help to bring out various issues involved in a situation thus helping arrive at the right decision with maximum possible knowledge of the various aspects of the situation at hand.
    Moreover ethics provide various approaches to deal with a situation for example utilitarian approach, rights based, virtue based approaches etc.
    For instance While constructing a dam one may follow utilitarian approach if few people are to be displaced making way for larger societal good
    Finally ethics help one to act and reflect on the outcomes as to learn larger lessons for the life
    The Golden Rule “Do only those things to others which you can accept if done to you” helps one to take ethical decisions