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12 OCTOBER, 2017 (MAINS)

TODAYS ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM GS- I

Q1. “India has a coastline running 7500 kilometers, but her fishery sector has not yet been well developed.” Highlight major impediments to the growth of the fishery sector in India.

 

Please write the answer in comments section

  • Osho Korde

    Fisheries is a sunrise sector in India, has recorded faster growth than that of crop and livestock sectors with diverse resources.Fisheries sector occupies a very important place in the socioeconomic development of the country, as it contributes to economic growth and human welfare

    India has a long coastline of 7500 km and many rivers, lakes that have remained underutilised for this sector.
    It engages over 14.5 million people directly and many more indirectly.
    India has become the second largest fish producing and aquaculture industry in the world.
    All the 3 subsector: Inland, Aquaculture and Marine fishery are growing but at sub optimum level. A lot of scope for improvement with boost in food processing industry.

    Problems faced are
    1) loss of biodiversity
    2) depletion of fish stocks
    3) The adverse impact of climate change which lead to the migration of fish species
    4) The shoreline degradation and loss of coral reefs
    5) Lack of well-planned strategy for the fishermen and the industry
    6) Lack of implementation of new technologies in the fishing sector.

    Measures taken by Governement:
    1. Merging all the existing schemes to formulate an umbrella scheme ‘Blue Revolution: Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries’ with an outlay of Rs. 3000 crore.
    2. Allowing 49% FDI in deep see fishing.
    3. Strengthening of Database & GIS of the Fisheries Sector,
    4. Amending the CRZ rules and launching the Sagarmala scheme to compliment this sector
    5. Encourage increasing private investment, entrepreneurship development, more Public Private Partnership (PPP) and better leveraging of institutional finance