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12 SEPTEMBER, 2017 (MAINS)

TODAYS ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM GS- III

Q1. “India has been ranked low on most parameters for inclusive growth and development even as it fares much better internationally when it come to business and political ethics”. What are the recent initiatives taken by

India for inclusive growth and development?  (200 words)

Please write the answer in comments section

  • Osho Korde

    India has been ranked very low, mostly in the bottom half, amongst 112 economies considered for the first of its kind global ranking to find out where countries stand in terms of inclusive growth.
    Inclusive development consists of ensuring that all marginalized and excluded groups are stakeholders in development processes. UNDP maintains that many groups are excluded from development because of their gender, ethnicity, age, sexual orientation, disability or poverty.
    For good inclusive growth there is a need of the SC/ST and OBC population. Women and children comprises for 70% of the population and deserves special attention in terms of the reach of relevant schemes in many sectors. Physically challenged / minorities and other excluded groups also need special programmes to bring them into the mainstream.
    Thirteen such flagship programmes are listed as under.

    1. MGNREGA
    2. Indira Awas Yojana(IAY)
    3. National Social Assistance Programme(NSAP)
    4. NHRM
    5. ICDS
    6. Mid Day Meal(MDM)
    7. Sarva Siksha Abhyan(SSA)
    8. JNNURM
    9. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) and other water resource programme
    10. Rajiv Gandhi Drinking Water Mission (Rural Drinking Water), NRDWP and Total sanitation Compaign(TSC)
    11. Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana

    Most of these programmes are Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS), which are implemented by State Government agencies, but are largely funded by the Central Government with a defined State Government share.