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14 OCTOBER, 2017 (MAINS)


Q1. “India is augmenting its capacity in astrophysics research whereas at the same time the country suffers from so much abject poverty and inequality.” Is it a wasteful expenditure given India’s circumstances? Elaborate.


Please write the answer in comments section

  • Osho Korde

    1. We have gotten much better at predicting storms and cyclones thanks to our weather satellites such as the INSAT 3D. That helps the poor get their lives and possessions saved.
    2. The satellite data is also used for helping farmers plant the right stuff and fishermen locate the right areas for fishing using satellites such as the SARAL. Since most of our poor are dependent on fishing & farming, this helps directly solve poverty.
    3. ISRO’s telemedicine works help reduce the number of sick [4] and that reduces poverty. Not just curing the disease, but the works on GIS also helps prevent diseases by alerting authorities of disease spread.

    Indirect benefits to the poor
    1. Creates plenty of jobs for the poor engineers. While many of the engineers from urban upper-middle class India seek MNCs, many from poorer backgrounds join ISRO in aiding the nation. ISRO also helps India build a space ecosystem building lakhs of indirect jobs in research, academia and industry.
    2. ISRO helps India stay at the cutting edge of technology and that helps Indian brand. If you can successfully send stuff to MARS, can’t you do advanced tech work? That generates more jobs in sectors unrelated to space.
    3. ISRO has built among the most advanced air guidance systems -GAGAN (GPS-aided geo-augmented navigation) and this helps India in logistics & transportation.

    Poverty is not a switch that you can turn on & off. It can be solved only through job creation, technological innovation and productivity improvement. Our expenditures on ISRO directly help address these.