Print Friendly, PDF & Email

16 AUGUST, 2017 (MAINS)

TODAYS ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM GS-IV

 

Q1. “India’s classical music tradition, including Hindustani music and Carnatic, has a history spanning millennia and developed over several eras.” Analyze the underlying meaning of this statement in the context of contemporary music with special reference to India. (200 words)

 

Please write the answer in comments section

  • Osho Korde

    Indian classical music is the art music of the Indian subcontinent. The origins of Indian classical music can be found in the Vedas, which are the oldest scriptures in the Hindu tradition dating back to 1500 BCE.

    Hindustani music is mainly found in North India. Khyal and Dhrupad are its two main forms, but there are several other classical and semi-classical forms. There is an amount of foreign influences in Hindustani music in terms of the instruments, style of presentation, and ragas such as Hijaz Bhairav, Bhairavi, Bahar, and Yaman. Also, as is the case with Carnatic music, Hindustani music has assimilated various folk tunes. For example, ragas such as Kafi and Jaijaiwanti are based on folk tunes. Players of the tabla, a type of drum, usually keep the rhythm, an indicator of time in Hindustani music.

    Carnatic music, from South India, tends to be more rhythmically intensive and structured than Hindustani music. Examples of this are the logical classification of ragas into melakarthas, and the use of fixed compositions similar to Western classical music. Carnatic raga elaborations are generally much faster in tempo and shorter than their equivalents in Hindustani music. In addition, accompanists have a much larger role in Carnatic concerts than in Hindustani concerts.

    Indian classical music tradition offers the flexibility of choosing a comfortable frequency for the tonic scale called Shadja.