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16 MAY, 2017 (MAINS)



Q1. What do you mean by ‘virtues’? How are ‘virtues’ related to excellence and happiness? Explain. (200 words)


Please write the answer in comments section

  • Ashish

    A virtue is a trait or quality that is deemed to be morally good and thus is valued as a foundation of principle and good moral being.
    Personal virtues are those characteristics which are valued as promoting collective and individual greatness.
    The four cardinal virtues are: temperance, prudence, courage, and justice
    Virtues as good traits of character can be deliberately cultivated. They make for the survival and the well-being of the human individual and also that of the society.
    Good life or moral life is developed through the habitual or regular
    doing of good deeds or actions in changing situations.

    We know that the character and conduct of a man are intimately related.
    Conduct of a man is the expression of his character in varied situations.
    Moral character of a person is formed when he does good actions consistently and persistently.
    In this way, virtues can be cultivated. Since virtues can be cultivated, they can also be described as the acquired dispositions of a virtuous person. Hence, virtues denote the excellence of human character.
    Virtues promote the well being of their possessors and also of their society.

  • Osho Korde

    considering different time and different thinkers The word Virtue has many different interpretations and meaning. The common meaning or gist of its meaning can be told as: Virtue is behaviour showing high moral standards.

    Relation of virtue and excellence:
    • Virtue, by definition, is the moral excellence of a person.
    • A morally excellent person has a character made-up of virtues valued as good.
    • He or she is honest, respectful, courageous, forgiving, and kind
    • for example. Because of these virtues or positive character traits, he or she is committed to doing the right thing no matter what the personal cost, and does not bend to impulses, urges or desires, but acts according to values and principles.

    Relation of virtue and happiness:
    The virtuous person, Buddha taught, is the compassionate person, for compassion is what brings happiness to the world. Happiness comes when your thoughts, work, and speech are harmonized and filtered through a prism of virtuous behavior. Freeing the mind of ill will and greed; avoiding untruthful, slanderous and abusive speech; and avoiding killing, stealing, and sexual misconduct-this is righteous conduct and the source of happiness.
    happiness requires being true to the principles of your nature (to be a virtuous person) and applying those principles to others