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18 MAY, 2017 (MAINS)



Q1. The Indian government has increasingly been focusing on Digital India, E-biz portals and online interfaces. Is e-governance only a supply-side aspect, as there is still a significant proportion of the Indian population, which does not have access to smartphones and the Internet? Discuss. (200 words)


Please write the answer in comments section

  • Ashish

    e-Governance is basically associated with carrying out the functions and achieving the results of governance through the utilization of ICT (Information and Communications Technology).
    E-Governance is being focussed upon in a major way to ensure equitable access and enhance transparency in the dealings of the state with citizens and Businesses.
    Some of the supply side factors affecting e-Governance are:
    • Non-preparedness of many government organisations to shift to the digital mode
    • High initial cost for setting up the e government solutions
    • Security
    • Unavailability of internet in many remote regions of the country
    However supply side issues alone cannot make up e-governance there has to be an equally strong demand side
    Demand side factors involved in e-governance are:
    • Low digital literacy among the poor
    • Lack of awareness among the people about the various digital initiatives of the government
    • Accessibility to internet found lacking in remote and hilly regions like Odisha parts of North East and island regions
    • Regional and rural urban divide with respect to the digital systems
    For instance in a village in Kerala may have people may be using broadband Internet while in a village in Nagaland people may not even have heard the name of Internet itself!
    • Resistance to change

    The USSD based financial transactions enabling system being designed by National Payments Corporation of India [NPCI] is expected to help with security and internet issues.
    As habits take time to form, it is expected that with passage of time along with persistent efforts by the government proliferation of e-governance will see the light of the day

  • Osho Korde

    • Supply Side Policies are government attempts to increase productivity and shift Aggregate Supply (AS) to the right.
    • Benefits of Supply Side Policies: Lower Inflation, Lower Unemployment, Improved economic growth, Improved trade and Balance of Payments.
    • Disadvantages of digital India: Government employment might reduce which in turn may lead to civil servants’ unrest. People will use free WIFI’s just for time pass which is current scenario in metro.
    • Focusing on e-governance is not best but is most to the best.
    • Connecting 250000 Gram Panchayats through National Optical Fiber Network is not an easy task; it will require a lot of efforts and dedication from BSNL, the nodal agency for laying down the cable.
    • Improving IT literacy is a great task ahead because for the project to become successful, it is necessary that mass of people must know how to utilize the digital services.
    • Security of data is very important because digital medium is still very unsafe and data vulnerability is a big issue specially in financial transactions; thus, internet data security is a big concern ahead.
    • Making Digital India scheme known and creating an awareness among common masses about its benefits is also a great challenge.
    • Many initiatives are being taken from the government and state government to boost up the process to reach the masses, eventually government would reach to its goal.