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19 JUNE, 2017 (MAINS)



Q1.  Can elections for both the Central and State legislatures be carried out simultaneously, given the federal nature of the Indian democracy as guaranteed by the Constitution? Discuss the various issues involved. (200 words)


Please write the answer in comments section

  • Osho Korde

    • The argument, or slogan, of “one country, one election” is misleading. What this label overlooks are that while India is undoubtedly one country, the Constitution also recognises the existence of 29 States which have a constitutional status of their own in matters of elections and government formation.
    • “One country” does have “one election”, and that is for the Lok Sabha. The seeming intention to force all States, and sometimes it has even been mentioned all panchayats, not only seems impractical but also a step in the direction of moving the country towards becoming a unitary state rather than a federal one that the Constitution envisages.
    • India has a federal structure and a multi-party democracy where elections are held for State Assemblies and the Lok Sabha separately; the voters are better placed to express their voting choices keeping in mind the two different governments which they would be electing by exercising their franchise.
    • This distinction gets blurred somewhat when voters are made to vote for electing two types of government at the same time, at the same polling booth, and on the same day.
    • There is a tendency among the voters to vote for the same party both for electing the State government as well as the Central government.
    • This is a rule rather than an exception, not based on assumption but on evidence.
    • And Dissolution of state legislature before completion of 5-year term will break the cycle again thereby rendering the whole exercise futile.

    In wake of these arguments, it can be said that this proposal can be turned into reality after a period of 15-20 years when the political systems get matured and dissolution of state governments are contained.