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22 AUGUST, 2017 (MAINS)



Q1. Panchsheel and NAM were an important phase for India during the times of Nehru. Do you think NAM and Panchsheel have lost its importance in the current situation? Justify your arguments. (200 words)


Please write the answer in comments section

  • Osho Korde

    The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states that are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc. As of 2012, the movement has 120 members.
    The purpose of the organization has been enumerated as to ensure “the national independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of non-aligned countries” in their “struggle against imperialism, colonialism, neo-colonialism, racism, and all forms of foreign aggression, occupation, domination, interference or hegemony as well as against great power and bloc politics,” by Fidel Castro in the Havana Declaration of 1979.

    Nehru described the five pillars to be used as a guide for Sino-Indian relations called Panchsheel (five restraints), these principles would later serve as the basis of the Non-Aligned Movement. The five principles were:
    Mutual respect for each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty.
    Mutual non-aggression.
    Mutual non-interference in domestic affairs.
    Equality and mutual benefit.
    Peaceful co-existence.

    India’s political and economic relations with existing major powers and emerging powers will have a major impact on future global political and economic governance. The assessment of Indian foreign policy shows that it seeks to enhance its power and influence by enhancing bilateral cooperation with the US, the EU, China and Russia. In the mean time, India also engaging itself to strengthen regional arrangements likes ASEAN, SAARC, G-20 and G-8 etc. India’s growing cooperation with Israel and US especially in the military field and continued growth of relation with Arab world showcase the deepening concern for our security and power. With this sustained effort for economic growth, the energy security, with modernization of Indian defense forces and with an emerging intelligent population India can establish itself as global power by the year 2020.
    Therefore, india is subsequently showing disinterest in NAM, for its developmental boost in all spheres.