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24 SEPTEMBER, 2017 (MAINS)

TODAYS ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM GS- III

Q1. Subsistence agriculture, Pressure of population on agriculture, the importance of animals and the Dependent upon Monsoon are all important for agriculture in India. In light of the above statement discuss real features of Indian Agriculture. (200 words)

Please write the answer in comments section

  • Osho Korde

    1. Subsistence agriculture:
    Most parts of India have subsistence agriculture. The farmer owns a small piece of land, grows crops with the help of his family members and consumes almost the entire farm produce with little surplus to sell in the market.
    2. Pressure of population on agriculture:
    The population in India is increasing at a rapid pace and exerts heavy pressure on agriculture. Agriculture has to provide employment to a large section of work force and has to feed the teeming millions. Moreover, there is rising trend in urbanization.
    Over one-fourth of the Indian population lived in urban areas in 2001. This requires more land for urban settlements which will ultimately encroach upon agricultural land. It is now estimated that about 4 lakh hectares of farm land is now being diverted to non-agricultural uses each year.
    3. Importance of animals:
    Animal force has always played a significant role in agricultural operations such as ploughing, irrigation, threshing and transporting the agricultural products. Complete mechanization of Indian agriculture is still a distant goal and animals will continue to dominate the agricultural scene in India for several years to come.
    4. Dependent upon Monsoon:
    Indian agriculture is mainly dependent upon monsoon which is uncertain, unreliable and irregular. In spite of the large-scale expansion of irrigation facilities since Independence, only one-third of the cropped area is provided by perennial irrigation and the remaining two-third of the cropped area has to bear the brunt of the vagaries of the monsoons.