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25 MAY, 2017 (MAINS)

TODAYS ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM GS-I

 

Q1. ‘Multiculturalism’ is, before anything else, theory on culture and the value of culture. Discuss approaches which can help reinforce India’s multiculturalism. (200 words)

 

Please write the answer in comments section

  • Ashish

    Multiculturalism is a special kind of relationship adopted by the state towards different cultural communities that fall within its sovereignty. In addition, it is the official articulation of this stance;
    In everyday usage it is a synonym for pluralism with the two terms often used interchangeably and refers to specific mixed ethnic community areas where multiple cultural traditions exist
    Multiculturalism has been described as a “salad bowl” and “cultural mosaic”.
    Indian society is so diverse that if we travel for only 100 km in India, we will experience different food, clothing pattern, language or dialect etc. This makes multiculturalism imperative to maintain and reinforce the integrity, harmony and fraternity of our country.
    Although, measures to reinforce the rich heritage of our composite culture is already enshrined in our Constitution, still following steps will help in further reinforcing it-
    Protect the freedom of expression of ethnic, linguistic and religious minorities.
    Protect the livelihoods of vulnerable groups by implementing schemes like Forest rights Act, etc.
    A nation can’t prosper if 50% of its population is not developed, which calls for empowerment of women in socio-politico and economic terms
    Inherent values which are at the core of our diversity like secularism and humanism must be guarded zealously.
    Recently, it has been seen that cow vigilante groups are resorting to cultural policing in the name of religion, this trend must be stopped at the earliest and guilty should be severely punished.

  • Osho Korde

    • Multiculturalism describes the existence, acceptance, or promotion of multiple cultural traditions within a single jurisdiction, usually considered in terms of the culture associated with an ethnic group. This can happen when a jurisdiction is created or expanded by amalgamating areas with two or more different cultures

    • India is home to policies of legal pluralism in religious family law (Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Parsi), territorial autonomy for several linguistic and tribal groups, as well as quotas in legislatures, government jobs and educational institutions for caste and tribal minorities.
    • Encouraging multiculturalism necessarily includes recognition of a number of political, social and economic rights of inhabitants in the given territory.
    • In panoply, it appears that for any analysis of the nature or impacts of multiculturalism assessment of constitutional design is a sine qua non.
    • The Constitution of India indeed proclaims unity in diversity but not much diversion exists in the cultural/racial/ethnic base. If multiculturalism is a norm, it must be recognized through constitutional mandate and if it is an executive principle then it needs statutory recognition.
    • The seeds of multiculturalism as sown in the perambulatory resolve of the Constitution have been largely pruned and trimmed by subsequent constitutional provisions and statutory
    1. supporting inclusive, harmonious and united communities
    2. improving economic opportunities.
    3. Initiatives for Bringing the isolated tribes to exposure into developed society
    4. Inter dependency should be more among them (which will cause an interaction and will bring the fellow beings together).