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26 JUNE, 2017 (MAINS)

TODAYS ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM GS-II

 

Q1.  What was the role played by Gopal Krishna Gokhale in the Indian National Movement? (200 words)

 

Please write the answer in comments section

  • Deepak Tomar

    Gopal Krishna Gokhale best known as the ‘Political Guru of Gandhi’ Gokhale was one of the Pioneer of the Indian National Movement. He was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress. Gokhale was an indispensable link in the transformation of the freedom struggle to more informed one and for the commitment to bring Indians on Parity with the Britishers in terms of knowledge and administrative skills and to prove that Indians can govern more efficiently.
    Gokhale contribution in Indian Freedom Movement
    1. Foremost among the congress headers – Gokhale was one of the India’s most respected leaders. He presided over the Varanasi session of the Congress in 1905. He was a man with moderate views and had immense faith in British liberalism. He urged that goal of the congress should be the attainment of a form of government similar to that which existed in the self governing colonies of the British empire.
    2. He believed in constitution agitation i.e. petitions, appeals to justice and resistance. At the same time he supported the Swadeshi Movement. In his address at Varanasi Session he advocated that true Swadeshi Movement is both a patriotic and an economic movement.
    3. Establishment of Servants of Indian Society – In 1905 Gokhale established the Servants of Indian Society. The society trained men to devote their lives to the cause of the country.
    4. Around of National Awakening – In 1902 Gokhale member of the imperial had become the member of the Imperial Legislative Council. From the council, he pleaded for reduction in salt duty and abolition of excise duty on cotton goods. He also advocated for free primary education for all children.
    5. Contribution in Economic Idea – He pleaded for reduction of land revenue. He was in favour of state protection to infant Indian Industries. He called for the employment of members of educated middle class.
    Apart from above he also played a major part in formulation of Morley Minto Reforms Act of 1909. Though he was a moderate and was opposed to idea to passive resistance like that of Tilak but despite this probably he was the only that received the father figure like respect from the colleagues of the extremist function as well. To summarise his role in freedom movement is a very daunting task but as Gandhi said about him he was as pure as crystal, a gentle as lamb, as brave as lion and most perfect man in field of politics.

  • Osho Korde

    • Gopal Krishna Gokhale was born in Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, into a poor Chitpavan Brahmin family.
    • After receiving a degree from Elphinstone College, Bombay, he began a career as a teacher in the Deccan Education Society, Poona.
    • It was during his tenure there that he met justice Mahadev Govind Ranade, who became his mentor.
    • Ranade and Gokhale were moderate constitutionalists who preferred to reform the system from within.
    • Gokhale became a member of the Bombay Legislative Council and then the Imperial Legislative Council.
    • He was elected the president of the Congress Party in 1905.
    • Gokhale’s speeches, on the budget and on social reform, are masterpieces filled with data and evidence and a clear and simple flow of logic.
    • Gokhale was opposed to the idea of passive resistance, first championed by Tilak, and later adopted as a strategic weapon by Gandhi.
    • Gokhale argued persistently for greater Indian representation in elected assemblies, the judiciary and in academia.
    • Gokhale was the first to demand universal and free primary public education.
    • Gokhale and Mahatma Gandhi shared a guru-shishya relationship.
    • Gandhi often referred to Gokhale as “mahatma”.
    • Mohammed Ali Jinnah was also a fan, saying “it is my ambition to become a Muslim Gokhale”.

    Gokhale played immense role in introducing Gandhi into Indian politics and for demanding universal and free primary public education.