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27 AUGUST, 2017 (MAINS)



Q1. Insurgency and extremism have plagued the Northeast for decades. Write a note on the nature of insurgency that is taking place in India’s Northeast region. Elucidate its challenges to India’s internal security. (200 words)


Please write the answer in comments section

  • Osho Korde

    Present Situation of insurgency in the North-East:
    The security situation in some of the north-eastern states has remained complex for a long time because of a number of militant outfits and their diverse demands. Assam, Manipur and Nagaland have continuously been a point of worry.

    Challenges and concerns:
    1. The linkage with organised crime
    Extortion has become meticulously organised activity in the region and is one of the major sources of funds for the militants. Other sources of their funding include arms and drugs smuggling.
    2. Maoist Consolidation in North East:
    The Maoists have been able to extend the red corridor to the Northeast. The arrests of various top Maoist leaders in this region during 2013 revealed the extent of Maoist infiltration in Northeast India.
    3. Spread of Islamist Militancy:
    Northeast India, shares an 1880 km long porous border with Bangladesh, a country that is a hotbed of Islamist militancy. Though radical Islam has not yet seeped into the Muslim population in the region, the arrests of twelve persons in Assam during November‐December 2014 with links with the Islamist terror outfit Jamaat‐ul‐Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB) shows that radicalization of a section of Muslim population has begun in the region.
    4. Trans-national linkages
    India’s Northeast is one of South Asia’s hottest trouble spots, not simply because the region has as many as 30 armed insurgent organizations operating and fighting the Indian state, but because trans-border linkages that these groups have, and strategic alliances among them, have acted as force multipliers and have made the conflict dynamics all the more intricate.