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27 JUNE, 2017 (MAINS)

TODAYS ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM GS-III

 

Q1.  The Preamble had not envisaged a doctrinaire or ideological approach to the adoption of socialism. Discuss. (200 words)

 

Please write the answer in comments section

  • Osho Korde

    • Socialism emerged due to industrial capitalization which was reaching its peak in 19thcentury and was creating huge gap between minority capitalists and majority workers. To end this evil socialism was emerged.
    • Socialism has different strands,forms,manifestations,etc in different regions of the world because of capitalist imperialism and geographical area was not equally developed in every part of the world.
    • Socialism is a label
    • The term Socialist has been inserted in the Constitution of India by 42nd Amendment Act, 1976.
    • The term ‘socialist’ literally means a political-economic system which advocates state’s ownership of the means of production, distribution and exchange.
    • The socialism envisaged in India does not mean abolition of private property or nationalization of all means of production. The socialistic concept of the society is laid down in Parts III and IV of the constitution of India.
    • Mrs. Indira Gandhi, the then PM, explained that the term ‘socialist’ was used simply to indicate that the goal of the state in India was to secure “a better life for the people”or “an equality of opportunity”.she made it clear that India had her own concept of ‘socialism’ and all she wanted was a ‘better life for the people.
    • Though several members of the constituent assembly had ‘intellectual or emotional commitment to socialism’ from Marxism to Gandhian socialism, Fabian or Laskite.
    • The social revolution that the constitution launched for the underprivileged Indians gives testimony to India’s commitment to socialism, although ‘socialist’ has been added to the preamble at a later stage. The preamble did not envisage a doctrine or ideological approach to the adoption of socialism in India.