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28 MAY, 2017 (MAINS)



Q1. Define the term ‘values’. Discuss two values in each of the following:

(a) Values in self.

(b) Values in human to human interaction.

(c) Values in interaction with nature. (200 words)

Please write the answer in comments section

  • Ashish

    Values are the individual principles or qualities that guide judgement and behaviour of a person or a group.
    A person with strong values or character sticks to his principles and is not swept away, in crisis or under pressure.
    Values flow from the highest of our own self. For each one of us, there are values rooted in the finest part of the self from where we radiate outwards.
    Values are of two types
    Intrinsic value is one which is worth in its own right. It is an end in itself. Truth beauty, goodness, Temperance, Courage etc considered as intrinsic values
    Extrinsic values like wealth fame physical fitness etc which borrow their worth from something extraneous to them. They are of instrumental worth only,ie they are means to end
    (a) Values in self.
    INTEGRITY: is the quality of being honest and following strong moral principles.
    PROBITY: is the quality of having strong moral principles, honesty & decency
    Though both seem to be similar but they are not synonymous For instance Government employ know that corruption is immoral however he does not refrain to take bribe. In this case person has probity but lack integrity. He is inclining toward temptation of bribe. On the other hand integrity of person does not allow to do any immoral act

    (b) Values in human to human interaction
    EMPATHY – Understanding and entering into another’s feelings
    SYMPATHY – Empathy along with the action to alleviate the sufferings of target person. It shows the willingness on the part of the person concerned to remove the pain

    (c) Values in interaction with nature.
    Needed to prevent culling of animals, prevent illegal trafficking of flora and fauna
    CARE: A species exists; a species ought to exist. The species too has its integrity, its individuality, its way of life. Humans have more understanding than ever of the natural world they inhabit, more predictive power to foresee the intended and unintended results of their actions, and more power to reverse the undesirable consequences. Humans need to care for the biosphere.

  • Osho Korde

    Values can be defined as those things that are important to or valued by someone. That someone can be an individual or, collectively, an organization. One place where values are important is in relation to vision. One of the imperatives for organizational vision is that it must be based on and consistent with the organization’s core values.

    (a) Values in self.
    Vision: The ability to think about or plan the future with imagination or wisdom.
    Practicality: the aspects of a situation that involve the actual doing or experience of something rather than theories or ideas.

    One should also have awareness within him(which is the most important value)

    (b) Values in human to human interaction.
    Inquisitive: having or showing an interest in learning things; curious.
    Sympathy: an entering into, or the ability to enter into, another person’s mental state, feelings, emotions, etc.

    One should also be practical and understanding

    (c) Values in interaction with nature.
    Intuition: is the ability to have a grasp on a situation or information without the need for reasoning.
    compassion: a feeling of wanting to help someone who is sick, hungry, in trouble, etc.

    (One should have a quality to take and return).