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29 AUGUST, 2017 (MAINS)

TODAYS ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM GS-I

 

Q1. What are the factors for the Asian continent which make it a great reservoir of fisheries in the world? What are the concerns of the US on the issue of the WTO regarding commercial fishing activity in India? (200 words)

 

Please write the answer in comments section

  • Osho Korde

    High fish production in reservoirs is usually not long sustained.
    It remains high only for one to several years, declining rapidly in ensuing years to a much lower level which may be maintained or may gradually rise to somewhere near half the magnitude of the initial phase.
    This phenomenon is usually typical of deep reservoirs with steep bottom slopes, such as the Nagarjunasagar reservoir in India, and Lake Kariba in Africa.
    The decline may not become a serious problem in large and shallow reservoirs, since fish production in this type of reservoir usually fluctuates near the magnitude of the initial high production, and in some years may increase to a new high level as found in the Ubolratana reservoir in Thailand and the Gandhi Sagar reservoir in India.

    According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation’s ‘State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture’, almost a third of commercial fish stocks are now fished at biologically unsustainable levels, triple the level of 1974.
    India, among others, has expressed apprehensions that the demand for a ban on subsidies for IUU fishing could lead to prohibition even on fishing that could be termed non-IUU. This could, in turn, harm the interests of lakhs of subsistence fisherfolk in poor and developing nations.

    This is because currently there is no unanimity among WTO members on what constitutes IUU fishing, they said, adding that several countries including India are wary about agreeing to stringent norms on this aspect due to its possible impact on the livelihood of millions of workers in the fisheries sector.