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Q1. “Social reformers believed in the principle of individual liberty, freedom, and equality of all human beings irrespective of sex, color, race, caste, or religion”. In light of the above statement discuss the Social Reform Movement in India and Role of Women. (200 words)

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  • Osho Korde

    • Raja Ram Mohan Roy was one of the greatest social reformers of India. He was con¬cerned about a number of evil customs planning the Indian society.
    • Justice Mahadev Govind Ranade was instrumental in laying down the foundation of an all Indian organization to carry on the struggle for social reform, the Indian National Social Conference. This organization was the first national institution to carry on collectively, in an organized way, and on a national scale the social reform movement.
    The institutions established during this period are as follows:

    • The Gujarat Vernacular Society: This social institute was established in 1848. The aim of this institute was to decrease the large-scale illiteracy and superstitious beliefs that was a feature of the Gujarati society. It was associated with all social reform activities concerning women in Gujarat.
    • The Deccan Education Society: This society was formed in 1884. The society started girls’ schools and encouraged education of women in Maharashtra.

    • The Ramakrishna Mission: The Ramakrishna Mission was established in 1897. It set up homes for widows and schools for girls. It also gave refuge to invalid and destitute women, ante- and post-natal care for women, and provided training for women to become midwives.
    • The Arya Samaj: Though started as a revivalist organization, the Arya Samaj emphasized women’s education.

    • S.N.D.T. Women’s University: This university was established to meet the needs for higher education for women in such a manner that women’s requirements were satis­fied.

    • The Seva Sadan: Seva Sadan was started in 1908, with a view to bringing together enlightened women of different communities who desired to work for the upliftment of backward women.