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30 JUNE, 2017 (MAINS)

TODAYS ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM GS-II

 

Q1.  What role did Mahatma Gandhi play between 1915 and 1918 in India? Why did Gandhi have to start the Rowlatt Satyagraha? (200 words)

 

Please write the answer in comments section

  • Osho Korde

    • Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule. And also, the father of India.
    • Mahatma Gandhi arrived in India from Africa on 9th January 1915.
    • On suggestion of his political guru G.K. Gokhale, Mahatma Gandhi toured India for 1 year.
    • Gandhiji then established a Satyagraha Sabha in 1916. (near river Sabarmati)
    • In 1917, he practiced satyagraha (in the form of Civil Disobedience) in Champaran and it was met with surprising success.
    • Then again in 1918 he practiced satyagraha (in the form of fasting) in Ahmadabad as Ahmedabad mill workers movement and it was also successful.
    • In 1918, he started Kheda peasant movement, appealed people not to pay taxes who are not capable of paying.
    • And in 6 April 1919 he called for all India strike against Rowlett act.
    • As per this Act, any person could be arrested on the basis of suspicion. No appeal or petition could be filed against such arrests. This Act was called the Black Act and it was widely opposed. An all-India hartal was organized on 6 April 1919. Meetings were held all over the country.
    • Gandhi was extremely critical of the act and argued that not everyone should get punishment in response to isolated political crimes.
    and this led to Rowlett satyagraha.