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Q1. Can war be justified on any grounds? Examine in the light of ethics of international relations. (200 words)

Please write the answer in comments section

  • Osho Korde

    A war is only just if it is fought for a reason that is justified, and that carries sufficient moral weight. The country that wishes to use military force must demonstrate that there is a just cause to do so.
    The main just cause is to put right a wrong. Sometimes a war fought to prevent a wrong from happening may be considered a just war.
    In modern times wars to defend the innocent are increasingly regarded as just (which fits with the idea in some religious literature that it is better to defend an innocent than to defend oneself).
    Just causes
    • invasion: The clearest example of a just cause is self-defence against an aggressor. For example when an enemy has crossed your borders and invaded your territory. But an actual invasion is not required. The self-defence cases below are less obviously just causes for war – whether they are or not depends on how severe a particular case is:
    • assassination of a prominent person: – a monarch or president
    • attack on national honour: (eg burning the flag, attacking an embassy)
    • attack on state religion
    • economic attack:(trade embargo or sanctions)
    • attack on a neighbour or ally
    • Assisting an invaded friendly nation.
    • Human rights violations: Another common example is putting right a violation of human rights so severe that force is the only sensible response.
    • To punish an act of aggression: This is not accepted by everyone. Some people would say that a war of punishment can never be a just war.