INDIAN POLITY NOTES FOR UPSC IAS EXAMINATION

Indian Polity is one of the important topics of the General Studies for Civil Services exam. In the new syllabus since 2011 it is mentioned as polity and governance.

Earlier preparation for the Preliminary and Main Examinations were totally different, the former tested the factual premises and the later checked the analytical premises. But, the new syllabus demands an integrated approach for both Prelims and Mains. According to the new trends of UPSC there is a necessity to study Indian Polity along with overall governance of the country.

Of course Indian Constitutional topics like Preamble, Nature of Constitution, Fundamental Rights and DPSPs, Union Executive, Union Parliament, State Executive and Legislature, Judiciary, Centre-State Relations etc form the core of Indian Polity. Apart from this several challenges to Indian democracy are also becoming one of the preferred areas of UPSC, for example Communalism, Regionalism, Caste Politics, Internal Security, Criminalization of politics, Corruption, Population, Poverty, Unemployment, etc.

In addition to this, contemporary issues like Good Governance, Role of IT in administration, Civil Society, Right to Information, Electoral Reforms, Role of Pressure Groups, Energy and Food Security, Environment and Sustainable development, etc. are also important.

The complete GS notes for Indian polity are available here.

 

Indian Polity Chapter 1 : Constitutional Framework

Indian Polity Chapter 2 : Making of The Constitution

Indian Polity Chapter 3 : Salient Features of the Constitution

Indian Polity Chapter 4 : Preamble of Indian Constitution

Indian Polity Chapter 5 : Union and its Territory

Indian Polity Chapter 6 : Citizenship

Indian Polity Chapter 7 : Fundamental Rights

Indian Polity Chapter 8 : Directive Principles of State Policy

Indian Polity Chapter 9 : Fundamental Duties

Indian Polity Chapter 10 : Amendment of the Constitution

Indian Polity Chapter 11 : Basic Structure of the Constitution

Indian Polity Chapter 12 : Parliamentary System

Indian Polity Chapter 13 : Federal System

Indian Polity Chapter 14 : Center-State Relations

Indian Polity Chapter 15 : Inter-State Relations

Indian Polity Chapter 16 : Emergency Provisions

Indian Polity Chapter 17 : The President

Indian Polity Chapter 18 : Vice President

Indian Polity Chapter 19 : Prime Minister of India

Indian Polity Chapter 20 : Central Council of Ministers

Indian Polity Chapter 21 : Cabinet Committees

Indian Polity Chapter 22 : Parliament

Indian Polity Chapter 23 : Parliamentary Committees

Indian Polity Chapter 24 : Parliamentary Forums

Indian Polity Chapter 25 : Supreme Court

Indian Polity Chapter 26 : Governor

Indian Polity Chapter 27 : Chief Minister

Indian Polity Chapter 28 : State Council of Ministers

Indian Polity Chapter 29 : State Legislature

Indian Polity Chapter 30 : High Courts

Indian Polity Chapter 31 : Subordinate Courts

Indian Polity Chapter 32 : Special Status of Jammu and Kashmir

Indian Polity Chapter 33 : Special Provisions for some States

Indian Polity Chapter 34 : Panchayati Raj

Indian Polity Chapter 35 : Municipalities

Indian Polity Chapter 36 : Union Territories

Indian Polity Chapter 37 : Scheduled and Tribal Areas

Indian Polity Chapter 38 : Election Commission

Indian Polity Chapter 39 : Union Public Service Commission

Indian Polity Chapter 40 : State Public Service Commissions

Indian Polity Chapter 41 : Finance Commission

Indian Polity Chapter 42 : National Commission for SCs

Indian Polity Chapter 43 : National Commission for STs

Indian Polity Chapter 44 : Special Officer for Linguistic Minorities

Indian Polity Chapter 45 : Comptroller and Auditor General of India

Indian Polity Chapter 46 : Attorney General of India

Indian Polity Chapter 47 : Advocate General of the State

Indian Polity Chapter 48 : National Development Council

Indian Polity Chapter 49 : National Human Rights Commission

Indian Polity Chapter 50 : State Human Rights Commission

Indian Polity Chapter 51 : Central Information Commission

Indian Polity Chapter 52 : State Information Commissions

Indian Polity Chapter 53 : Central Vigilance Commission

Indian Polity Chapter 54 : Central Bureau of Investigation

Indian Polity Chapter 55 : Lokpals and Lokayukts

Indian Polity Chapter 56 : Political Parties

Indian Polity Chapter 57 : Elections

Indian Polity Chapter 58 : Anti-Defection Law

NITI Aayog

 

Polity is one of the easiest of all the subjects to score, because of the following reasons:

  • The syllabus is concise and factual
  • Straight forward questions are asked (not much analytical) and if you have revised Polity thoroughly then, you can get most of the answers right if not for 100% accuracy
  • The questions are generally easy to moderate