Organisation and Function – Central Vigilance Commission

           The Central Vigilance Commission has its own Secretariat, Chief Technical Examiners’ Wing (CTE) and a wing of Commissioners for Departmental Inquiries (CDI). 


The Secretariat consists of a Secretary of the rank of Additional Secretary to the GOI, four officer of the rank of Joint Secretary to the GOI, thirty officers of the rank of Director/Deputy Secretary (including two OSDs), four Under Secretaries and office staff.


Chief Technical Examiners’ Wing (CTE)

The Chief Technical Examiner’s Organisation constitutes the technical wing of the Central Vigilance Commission (India) and is manned by two Engineers of the rank of Chief Engineers (designated as Chief Technical Examiners) with supporting engineering staff. The main functions assigned to this organisation are:

1.     Technical audit of construction works of Governmental organisations
from a vigilance angle;

2.     Investigation of specific cases of complaints relating to construction works;

3.     Extension of assistance to CBI in their investigations involving technical matters and for evaluation of properties in Delhi; and

4.     Tendering of advice/assistance to the Commission and Chief Vigilance Officers in vigilance cases involving technical matters.


Commissioners for Departmental Inquiries (CDIs)

There are fourteen posts of Commissioners for Departmental Inquiries (CDI) in the Commission, 11 in the rank of Director and 03 in the rank of Deputy Secretary. The CDIs function as Inquiry Officers to conduct Oral inquiries in departmental proceeding initiated against public servants.

Functions of CVC

Role and functions of Chief Vigilance Officers

Even though detection and punishment of corruption and other malpractices are certainly important, what is more important is taking preventive measures instead of hunting for the guilty in the post corruption stage. Therefore, the role and functions of CVOs has been broadly divided in to two parts, which are (I) Preventive and (II) Punitive.

The CVOs undertake various measures, which include:

  1. To examine in detail the existing Rules and procedures of the Organisation with a view to eliminate or minimise the scope for corruption or malpractices;
  2. To identify the sensitive/corruption prone spots in the Organisation and keep an eye on personnel posted in such areas;
  3. To plan and enforce surprise inspections and regular inspections to detect the system failures and existence of corruption or malpractices;
  4. To maintain proper surveillance on officers of doubtful integrity; and
  5. To ensure prompt observance of Conduct Rules relating to integrity of the Officers, like:
  6. The Annual Property Returns;
  7. Gifts accepted by the officials
  8. Benami transactions
  9. Regarding relatives employed in private firms or doing private business etc.

To ensure speedy processing of vigilance cases at all stages. In regard to cases requiring consultation with the Central Vigilance Commission, a decision as to whether the case had a vigilance angle shall in every case be taken by the CVO who, when in doubt, may refer the matter to his administrative head, i.e. secretary in the case of Ministries/Departments and Chief Executive in the case of public sector organizations. To ensure that charge-sheet, statement of imputations, lists of witness and documents etc. are carefully prepared and copies of all the documents relied upon and the statements of witnesses cited on behalf of the disciplinary authority are supplied wherever possible to the accused officer alongwith the charge-sheet.

To ensure that all documents required to be forwarded to the Inquiring Officer are carefully sorted out and sent promptly and to ensure that there is no delay in the appointment of the Inquiring Officer, and that no dilatory tactics are adopted by the accused officer or the Presenting Officer.

To see that proper assistance is given to the C.B.I. in the investigation of cases entrusted to them or started by them on their own source of information and to take proper and adequate action with regard to writ petitions filed by accused officers.

To ensure that the Central Vigilance Commission is consulted at all stages where it is to be consulted and that as far as possible, the time limits prescribed in the Vigilance Manual for various stages are adhered to, and To ensure prompt submission of returns to the Commission.

To review from time to time the existing arrangements for vigilance work in the Ministry/Department for vigilance work subordinate officers to see if they are adequate to ensure expeditious and effective disposal of vigilance work and to ensure that the competent disciplinary authorities do not adopt a dilatory or law attitude in processing vigilance cases, thus knowingly otherwise helping the subject public servants, particularly in cases of officers due to retire.

To ensure that cases against the public servants on the verge of retirement do not lapse due to time-limit for reasons such as misplacement of files etc. and that the orders passed in the cases of retiring officers are implemented in time; and to ensure that the period from the date of serving a charge-sheet in a disciplinary case to the submission of the report of the Inquiry Officer, should, ordinarily, not exceed six months.

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