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02 AUGUST, 2017 (MAINS)



Q1. Bring out the philosophical implications of introducing extraordinary (ALUA Kik) perception in Nyaya philosophy. (2014/20)


Please write the answer in comments section

  • jaish

    Nyaya philosophy is orthodox philosophy which is founded by the sage Gautama.According to Nyaya philosophy,there are four kinds of valid knowledge,that is-perception,inference,comparison and testimony.
    According to Nyaya philosophy,perception is a valid source of knowledge and defined it as the direct and immediate knowledge.It can be summed up as following-
    “Indriyarth sannikarsatpannam Gyanam Avyapadeshya Avyabhicari Vyavasayatmakam Pratyaksam”
    Perception is the valid source of knowledge which is originated with sense-object contact and it is not associated with any name,non erroneous and well defined.
    According to Nyaya,all perception is determinate perception but it is necessarily preceded by indeterminate stage.
    Perception is of two types:
    1)Laukika or ordinary perception-when sense oragan comes in contact with object in usual manner.
    2)Aluakika or extraordinary perception-sense oragan and obeject contact in unusual manner.

    Philosophical implication of Aluakika perception:-

    *Knowledge of universal or samanya in indian philosophy is a contested subject and nyaya philosophy,on the basis of Extraordinary perception explained the knowledge of universal.According to Nyaya, when we see objects, then we also perceive universal,eg.cowness by extraordinary perception.

    *On the basis of extraordinary perception,Nyaya has explained theory of error.Through Jnanalakshana,Nyaya has hold their realistic position about the existence of object.

    *On the basis of extraordinary perception,intuitive and immediate perception of all objects,past,present and future known by the yogis.It is like kaivalya gyan of jainas and bodhi of buddhism etc.

    • STOS

      well done JAISH ARYA sir…comprehensively covered.. it would be more better if you include concluding remark.