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02 JULY, 2017 (MAINS)



Q1. How is religious nationalism a threat to secular society? Explain. (2015/20)


Please write the answer in comments section

  • Gandalf The Grey

    Religious nationalism is an equivalent version of orthodox patriotism, wherein a group advocates or reinforces the notion of identity based on a specific religion or a sect. Secular society on the other hand balances this idea of identity, either by giving equal importance to all the religions(Indian secularism) or by advocating complete isolation from religion(Western secularism).
    In a multi-religious and multi-cultural nation, the idea of religious nationalism is a grave threat to the secular fabric of the nation as the former represents enforcing a view or opinion on masses which do not align with that same belief. Sooner or later, this seed of foment results in a rebellion, which further leads to breakdown of constitutional machinery, and thus leads to complete chaos. For example, Arab spring had its roots lying in the same idea. This is further compounded when the government or the ruler aids these forces, resulting in complete faith loss of the masses.
    Hence, it is necessary that these forces must be kept in check by the authority concerned, and also the problems of the masses should be resolved, so as to prevent breeding of such kind of ideologies.

  • Ashish

    Religious nationalism is the relationship of nationalism to a particular religious belief, dogma, or affiliation. This relationship can be broken down into two aspects: the politicization of religion and the influence of religion on politics.
    It is clear from the above definition that in the case of religious nationalism, any particular religion in general and majority religion in particular plays a vital role in political and societal landscape of the nation. In contrast to this, secular society keeps state (politics) and religion at a bay. However, secular society according to the Indian constitution is an attempt by the state to embrace all religion i.e. Sarv Dharma Sambhav. But if we neglect other religions at the cost of one then it will definitely be the threat to the secular society as it will lead to:-
    1. Negation of our constitutional values. Article-25 provides for the freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion, which will be at loggerheads of religious fundamentalism.
    2. Negate unity in diversity. Since time immemorial India cherishes its unity in diversity. Religious fundamentalism may paint everything in one color.
    3. Communal harmony may be replaced by communal tension, which will leads to widespread communal rights and in such situation society cannot flourish.
    4. Vigilante justice may takeover rule of law. In this scenario unsocial elements may interfere in personnel affairs-food, clothing, religious freedom etc of an individual.
    5. If unchecked this may also leads to division or partition of a nation on the religious ground, as happened in 1947.
    6. State or non-state actors of other nations can also take advantage of such situation to weaken the social fabric of the nation.
    Hence, Sarv Dharma Sambhav shall be the guiding principle of our state. It is due to this only that despite many challenges India emerged as powerful nation.

    • Anup

      Very insightful writing.Could u please guide me in answer writing??It will be very helpful.

      • Ashish

        yes sure. Let me know if you need anything specific, by that time keep writing and expand your horizon.