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05 JULY, 2017 (MAINS)



Q1. Explain the nature and levels of samprajnata Samadhi. How does each level lead more towards to asamprajnata Samadhi? (2014/15)


Please write the answer in comments section

  • Ashish

    According to Yoga School, Samadhi is the cessation of chitta-vritti and it is of two types:-
    1. Sampragyat (consciousness) and 2. Asampragyat (supra-concious)
    In Sampragyat, the consciousness of the object of meditation persists even though meditator and the object of meditation are fused together. It is of 4 types:-
    a. Savitarka- concentration on gross objects like tip of nose
    b. Savichara- conc. on subtle objects like breathing, heartbeat etc
    c. Sananda- conc. on more subtler objects which produces joy like senses
    d. Sasmita- When the chitta is concentrated on the ego-substance with which the self is generally identified. Here, we have conscious ecstasy where individual persists.
    Asampragyata is the highest form of Samadhi in which difference b/w knower, knowledge and known disappears as they are fused into one. In it all Klesas or attributes evaporates. It is perfect, mystic, ecstasy, difficult to describe and more difficult to attain. Even those who attain it, cannot retain it longer. It generates some supra-natural powers. However, these should be avoided and attention should be on liberation, which is the highest objective of human life. The ideal is Kaivalya, the absolute, independent & eternal and free Purusa from conjugation of Prakriti.
    Journey from Sampragyata to Asampragyata is organic and can be achieved systematically, first by concentration on gross objects then to subtler and so on. Without taming external impurities one cannot purify itself from within.