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05 MAY, 2017 (MAINS)

TODAYS ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM PHILOSOPHY PAPER – 1 – PART A

 

Q1. Explain Leibnitz’s principle of ‘identity of indiscernibles’. (2015/15/200 words)

 

Please write the answer in comments section

  • Ashish

    According to Leibnitz, Monads are the ultimate substance and spiritual atoms. Monads are only real and actual metaphysical points without which nothing can be real. Monads are metaphysical units of all living and non-living things. They are self-created, self-dependent and self-existence. This universe is the orderly arrangement of such monads.
    Each monad is a world in miniature i.e. macrocosm in microcosm. As an all inclusive whole it mirrors the world. Every activity is reflected either in vague or clear form. Each monad is unique, unparallel and independent. There are three types of monads because all monads do not represent the universe equally. They are:-
    Sleeping Monad
    Dreaming Monad
    Waking Monad
    Level of consciousness is increasing from sleeping monad to waking monad. God, according to Leibnitz, is Monad of monads or Super-monad. Each monad is imperceptibly leads to another monads, just as number system in maths are arranged in continous series. Higher a particular monad is, greater will be its activity, power of perception and mobility force.
    Perception implies that each monad represents the entire universe. It is the living mirror of the substance but the representation of each monad is individual and distinct. Each Monad represents its own individual view of the universe and thus universe is represented differently by different monads. From it emerges, the LAW OF IDENTITY OF INDISCERNIBLES, it implies that the things b/w which there is no difference are one and things which are not identical are not one.
    Since monads differ from each other in respect to their stage, in order of continuity and their respective position in space and time, hence each monad is different. There can be no identity b/w them, so no two monads in the universe are alike. In that way, this law forms the basis of Leibnitz’s philosophy.

  • Bubbly

    Explain Leibnitz’s principle of ‘identity of indiscernibles’. (2015/15/200 words)

    Leibnitz was rationalist pluralist
    philosopher who propounded theory of monadology to solve conception of substance and solve mind-body problem.
    According to Leibnitz, Monads are the ultimate substance and spiritual atoms. Monads are only real and actual metaphysical points without which nothing can be real. Monads are metaphysical units of all living and non-living things. They are self-created, self-dependent and self-existence. This universe is the orderly arrangement of such monads.
    Each monad is a world in miniature i.e. macrocosm in microcosm. As an all inclusive whole it mirrors the world. Every activity is reflected either in vague or clear form. Each monad is unique, unparallel and independent. There are three types of monads because all monads do not represent the universe equally. They are:-
    Sleeping Monad
    Dreaming Monad
    Waking Monad
    Level of consciousness is increasing from sleeping monad to waking monad. God, according to Leibnitz, is Monad of monads or Super-monad. Each monad is imperceptibly leads to another monads, just as number system in maths are arranged in continous series. Higher a particular monad is, greater will be its activity, power of perception and mobility force.
    Perception implies that each monad represents the entire universe. It is the living mirror of the substance but the representation of each monad is individual and distinct. Each Monad represents its own individual view of the universe and thus universe is represented differently by different monads. From it emerges, the LAW OF IDENTITY OF INDISCERNIBLES, it implies that the things b/w which there is no difference are one and things which are not identical are not one.
    Since monads differ from each other in respect to their stage, in order of continuity and their respective position in space and time, hence each monad is different. There can be no identity b/w them, so no two monads in the universe are alike. In that way, this law forms the basis of Leibnitz’s philosophy.