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06 AUGUST, 2017 (MAINS)



Q1. Examine the Samkhya view about liberation that “ self is neither bound nor liberates, nor transmigrate.” (2014/15)


Please write the answer in comments section

  • jaish

    Sankhya philosophy is orthodox philosophy which is founded by great sage kapila. Sankhya has accepted two types of ultimate reality that is conscious purusa which is many and unconscious prakriti which is one.
    Purusa is soul, the self, the spirit, the subject etc. It is pure consciousness and co-eternal reality with prakriti. According to Sankhya, purusa is pure consciousness and it is beyond space and time and bondage and liberation. In other words self is neither bound nor liberated nor transmigrated in the true nature.
    In fact, it is not purusa which is in bondage but it is ego, sopadhika purusa which is bound. In the process of Sarga that is evolution of world, buddhi or mahat, ego and mind evolve.It is by mistake purusa find reflection in the buddhi and identified itself wrongly with the intellect, ego and mind, then it is said to be it is bound. Therefore bondage is due to ignorance of non discrimination of self and non self. Prakriti is associated with three types of gunas and where there is gunas , there are pain and pleasure. For liberation, discriminative knowledge between self and non self is needed. Liberation cannot be achieved by means of action because action leads to bondage. The jiva has to realise as a pure purusa by discriminative knowledge between purusa and prakriti. Sankhya has accepted both jivan mukti and videh mukti. Therefore Sankhya liberation is a state of complete isolation, free from all pains and purusa becomes pure conscious purusa which has no pain, pleasure, nor bliss, nor happiness.

    It is regarded one of the lowest form of liberation and it is a kind of negative cessation, not as a state of positive bliss. Such liberation is grossly uninspiring.